World Religions

Topics: God, Christianity, Hinduism Pages: 7 (2842 words) Published: April 3, 2014
What is scripture and why is it important to us as human beings? Scriptures are not only something that you read, but it is a way of life. We think of scriptures as the holy writing, the sacred text of religion. Most scriptures are closed canons which means they are fixed religion. Some scriptures tell historical narratives. They tell an event in story form. Other scriptures have comparatively few narratives or none at all. Scriptures comes in many forms; myth, legend, prophecy, sermons, love poems, divination, magic, and many others. Some scriptures contain songs for sacrifice, whereas others have no ceremonies. Every religion has specific things that your higher upper asks for you to do. The scriptures are like the rules of life that you have to follow in order to reach your spiritual goals. Religion is big because people need to believe that there is something bigger then themselves that drives them to do certain things, good or bad. Religion gives you a sense of belonging to a community that will make you feel at home and will guide you to do better things for yourself and the people around you.

One of the oldest religions in the world is Hinduism and is certainly the most internally diverse. Although it is the third largest religion in the world, Hinduism exists primarily in India and Nepal. People who follow the Hindu religion are known to be very into meditation and calmness. The Hindu religion does not only follow one god, but they have many gods who they look up to. Hindus are meant to be good people who stay away from sinfulness and they focus on finding their own true self. Ancient Hindu texts, particularly the Upanishads, perceived the individual self or "atman" as the immortal pure essence of each being. The problem in Hinduism is that people do not have means of attaining enlightenment. Another problem in Hinduism is the existence of suffering and evil which is the central concept of Karma. The word Karma means “Action,” basically the meaning is that if you do good action you will have good effects, bad actions have bad effects. Thoughts have effects as well. Hindus believe in reincarnation, they have different levels of castes because they believe in the caste system. When you are born into Hindu families your caste is fixed and weather you’re a good human during your life then you get to move up in your caste when you die and if you were not a good human then you get to move down in your caste. The castes go from; Brahmin, Nobles, Soldiers, Merchants, Farmers, and the untouchables, but if an untouchable touched a non-untouchable they would be killed as punishment. The goal in Hinduism is to move up in your caste, so basically what you’re supposed to do to be a good Hindu is to follow your scriptures and to be a good person.

The Buddhist religion is based on the life and teaching of the Indian sage Siddhartha Gotama. Although, Buddhist believe in Gods there is no story about how the universe was originally created, the Buddhist universe has no beginning in the sense that the Christian universe does. Buddhist believes that the universe had been created and destroyed over and over again over vast periods of time. The main goal in Buddhism is to become like the enlightened one, or Buddha. To become enlightened is to overcome the misery of the world and reach their own Buddha status by a process of mental and moral purification. Buddhism has spread throughout most of Asia. The Buddhist canon has three main forms; Theravadian, Mahayanan, and Tibetan. They have hundreds of scriptural fascinating overview of the early history of the Buddhist tradition and insight into the contemporary life of Buddhists everywhere. The problem in Buddhism is that people have too many desires. To solve this problem they want people to be humble and to try to reach enlightenment by doing the right things and by walking the path of enlightenment which is to; life according to the highest ethical principles (The five precepts and...

Citations: Patheos | Hosting the Conversation on Faith." Patheos | Hosting the Conversation on Faith. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.
Van, Voorst Robert E. Anthology of World Scriptures. Seventh ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub., 1994. Print.
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