World Politics and the Clash of Civilizations

Topics: Culture, Civilization, World War II Pages: 16 (5571 words) Published: April 2, 2013
Has the History of World Politics Been a History of the Clash of Civilizations?| Is This the Likely Pattern of the Future?|
International University of Japan Graduate School of International RelationsHistory of International Relations’ term paperWritten by Bakchiev Daniiar (Don), PMPP 2nd year student, ID# 1B1009| |

Clash of Civilizations?
Is This the Likely Pattern of the Future?
Written by Bakchiev Daniiar (Don)
PMPP 2nd year student, ID#1B1009

CONTENTS

Introduction…………………………………………………………………………2 The concept of “civilization” ………………………………………………………4 The basic ideas of Huntington’s concept of the “clash of civilizations” ………...7 Critique of concept of the “clash of civilizations” ……………………………….14 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………18 References ………………………………………………………………………….19

Introduction

The article of Samuel Huntington's "Clash of Civilizations", written in the early 1993, describes the dynamics of international relations and possible conflicts on the basis of civilization in the twenty-first century, and is one of the most popular geopolitical treatises of the time. It aroused the widest debate in modern sociology and philosophy. But now, after more than nineteen years since its publication, I think it is possible to consider the concept of a clash of civilizations a more balanced and thoughtful, with an emphasis on the theoretical component of its construction and focusing not only on the political, social and philosophical side to this research, but and to consider the extent to which these ideas into reality. Huntington's model has a pronounced forward-looking and often speculative dimension. But it is justified theoretical stroke required for an adequate analysis of the situation in the world today. Leitmotif to this concept was the idea that if the XX century was the century clash of ideologies, the XXI century will be the century of a clash of civilizations or religions. In this case, the end of the Cold War is seen as a historical line that separates the old world, dominated national ideological controversy, and a new world, characterized by a clash of civilizations. I regret to note that this article, which in scientific terms is not tenable, has found a lively response in the political, public and quasi-scientific circles, and its main provisions were the subject of fierce debate. On the one hand, it is possible that such a stir was caused by a conceptual vacuum, which was formed in the Western, especially American, international political thought as the depreciation of the ideas, concepts and postulates that treat the world of reality in terms of the confrontation between the two blocks and the two superpowers in the bipolar world order. On the other hand, appeal too many arguments, it seems, is in their apparent simplicity, political and ideological bias and journalistic genre. In 1996, Huntington published a fairly comprehensive book "The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order," which was an attempt to bring additional facts and arguments supporting the main provisions of articles and ideas and give them an academic veneer. Therefore, despite the large amount of criticism and rebuttal by many scholars and public figures, I decided once again to address this issue and to refute the theory.

The concept of “civilization”

Today, the concept of "civilization" is very popular. It is used by the specialists of different professions, ranging from cultural studies, and the last science fiction, from which we are considering the concept, is no less complex and multi-valued. If you look in the first place in the dictionary, I subtract the term "civilization" comes from the Latin root «civil» - state, city, and a civilian. It arose in antiquity and was used as opposed to the word «silvaticus», which translated from Latin, means sylvan, rough, and wild. Thus, this concept helps to distinguish between the barbarian...

References: 3. Samuel Huntington, Who Are We?: The Challenges to America 's National Identity, New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004
4
11. Edward Said, The Clash of Ignorance, The Nation, October 22, 2001
12
13. Danilevsky Nikolai Yakovlevich "Russia and Europe: a look at the cultural and political relations of the Slavic world to the Romano-German world", journal Zarya, 1871
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[ 1 ]. Literally translated as Origins of New Science About the Common Nature of Nations, 1725.
[ 2 ]. Danilevsky Nikolai Yakovlevich "Russia and Europe: a look at the cultural and political relations of the Slavic world to the Romano-German world", journal Zarya, 1871
[ 3 ]
[ 4 ]. Samuel Huntington, Who Are We?: The Challenges to America 's National Identity, New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004
[ 5 ]
[ 6 ]. Fouad Ajami, Collection of articles about the theory of the clash of civilizations, Ankara: Wadi, 1995, p. 52
[ 7 ]
[ 10 ]. Graham Fuller, The Future of Political Islam, 2003, New York: Macmillan, 8`th chapter
[ 11 ]
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