LEGAL STUDIES – WORLD ORDER ASSESMENT
The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, highlight terrorism as an ongoing contemporary legal issue. This results in a new emphasis for domestic and international responses as governments can implement new legislation considering the rule of law and interagency cooperation through non-legal measures. Such responses will aim to ensure the security for its citizens. I will focus on the Australian government’s response both domestically and internationally to the threat of terrorism, as well as, considering international responses to terrorism that will offer a global perspective on this World Order issue.
Since September 11th 2001 world order has been significantly undermined through terrorism. This has influenced all major world powers. Terrorism is the act of intending to cause harm and terror in order to coerce governments which has entered the foreground of government policy around the world like the United States, Canada and United Kingdom. Australia’s response to terrorism has seen a rise in domestic pressure for the Australian Government to enact new relevant legislation. The principle of protection has ensured such responses to protect citizens.
After September 11th, 2001 Prime Minister John Howard agreed that there was an urgent need to ensure that intelligence and law enforcement agencies have the relevant legislative measures required to ensure the security and safety of their citizens and prevent the threat of terrorism. Since terrorism evokes fear through a threat to security the Australian Security Intelligence Agency (ASIO) is an organization that would be directly affected by any legal remedies through legislative amendments to combat terrorism. An important legal response to terrorism has been the Anti-terrorism Act (Cth) 2005. The origins of this legislation began in 2002 when John Howard introduced the Australian Security Intelligence Organization Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Bill...
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