We spend our daily lives living in a civilization, an advanced state of society with a high level of culture, science, industry and government. Living in today's society has set our way of life apart from the way of life from the early and advancing civilizations. Today it's effortless to get wrapped up in our society and take for granted who and what got us to this point in time. The Early civilizations and the advancements they made built a foundation to start living within larger and more complex communities. We have adapted and evolved many present day cultures, systems, and structures from the rise of civilizations. Mesopotamia, the Indus River Valley, the Assyrian people, rulers such as Hammurabi, civilizations such as Greece and Rome are utmost essential to our timeline because they are the cultural basis of where many civilizations, including ours have emerged from.
The hunter-gather life style was left behind and replaced with a need to settle and begin farming. Major early civilizations developed in the flood plains of rivers in Africa and Asia. Mesopotamia was located in the "Fertile Crescent" along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, in present day Iraq. Mesopotamia was an agricultural based society with a polytheistic religion that focused on nature. Their government was made up of regional urban kingdoms with individual city states. The Fertile Crescent consisted of the Sumarian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Chaldean people, who all helped refine Mesopotamia. The Sumerian people contributed the creation cuneiform writing and introduced irrigation. Babylon was home of the ruler Hammurabi, who was infamous for "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" punishment for law breakers. The Assyrians established Nineveh as the capital city and when Babylon was defeated the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt Babylon. Mesopotamia was an urban based, literate community with a focus in agriculture and trade. It was these multifarious