6. Which of the forces at work in Europe played the greatest role in helping to prompt the outbreak of war? A force at work in Europe that played a large role in helping to prompt the outbreak of the war would be the formation of alliances between the several superpowers at the time. If they would have gone along with themselves and just keep each other in check while keeping everything balanced it would be easier to create a treaty instead of war. The alliances created increased tensions. Another main factor is the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary. 7. Was the description of the Balkans as the “powder keg” of Europe justified? Yes, the Balkans was overlapping many groups that were trying to unite the Slavs and take ore more and more territory. That caused major conflict in Europe. Powder Keg refers to a keg full of explosives. It would be very unstable. The Balkans caused instability in Europe due to different people wanting its land. Not everyone could have it. Everyone wanted it and no one would just allow the other to invade it and take it for them. 8. Do you think World War I was avoidable? Yes, practically any war is avoidable. The thing is that more often than not the people involved don’t always know the consequences of their actions or simply don’t know how everything can happen peacefully, especially when there is tension. If Balkan “powder keg” was taken care of earlier on then the war could have been avoided. World War I would have been a difficult thing to avoid, but if tension in Europe could have been resolved then it might not have happened. Page 415
3. Which countries comprised the Central Powers? Which countries comprised the Allies? The countries that comprised the Central Powers are Germany, Austria/Hungary and Turkey. The countries that had comprised the Allies are Britain, France, Russia, Italy, United States, and Japan. 4. What were the characteristics of trench warfare? The soldiers that were in trench warfare had to...
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