WHAT IS A WORKPLACE?
- If you put the phrase, “healthy workplace” into the Google search engine, you get about 2,000,000 results. Clearly it’s a hot topic. And just as clearly, once you follow some of the links, there are thousands of interpretations of what the phrase means; thousands of providers of healthy workplace models, tools and information; thousands of researchers looking into the subject. - A workplace is a location or building where people perform physical or mental work in order to earn a living. It is usually a location outside one's home or place of residence. Common private-sector workplaces in a town or city include factories, warehouses, stores, banks, restaurants, and hotels. Common public-sector workplaces include government offices, schools, and libraries. There are also non-profit workplaces such as hospitals and soup kitchens. In rural areas, a workplace may be a farm or a ranch. The term "workplace" is also used to describe the work environment in general especially as it relates to the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers. - Workplace should be defined as “the environment (as place, tools, social connections, physical well being) enabling work to be done”. -This broader definition, will lead workplace development to include the determination of: •
Where work will be done (such as in an office, at home, in a plane or car, in an office, or at a conference, all of the above, etc.) •
What processes (such as transaction processing, innovating, communicating, learning, etc) will define the work to be done. •
How technology will enable those processes to be carried out (such as data access, groupware, mobileware, etc.) •
What physical environment will support the work (such as office design and layout, furniture, equipment, temperature, light, etc.) •
When and where people interact to exchange knowledge and information •
An alternative definition of the workplace might be the environments enabling knowledge workers to produce economic value.
HEALTH,SAFETY AND WELFARE
-Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity according to the Werld health organization (WHO). -In 1986, WHO, in the Ottawa charter for health promotion said that health is “a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living.Health is a positive concept emphasizing social, personal resources, as well as physical capacities”. •
- Safety is a state of being “safe” (from French sauf ) the condition of being protected against physical, social, spiritiual, financial, political, emotional, occupational, psychological, educational or other types or consequences of failure, damage, error, accidents, harm or any other event which could be considered non-desirable. This can take the form of being protected from the event or from exposure to something that causes health or economical losses. It can include protection of people or of possessions. - Safety means the policies and procedures in place to ensure the safety and health of employees within a workplace. It involves hazard identification and control according to government standards and ongoing safety training and education for employees. •
- It includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of the employees and is provided over and above the wages. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high. The welfare measures need not be in any monetary terms only but in any kind/forms. - Therefore, employee welfare entails all those activities of employees which are directed towards providing the employees with certain facilities and services in addition to wages or salaries. - It is the statutory procedure or social effort designed to promote the basic physical and material well-being of people in need.
DEFINITION OF LABOUR WELFARE
- Labour welfare has been defined in various ways, though...
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