The word curriculum is derived form a Latin word “Correre” which was used an alternate of ‘path way’. Experts defining curriculum with reference to its origin call it a runway. This perception has probably introduced curriculum as a course which one runs to reach a goal, which in no case, fully explains the literal meaning curriculum.
“The experiences which are utilized by the school to attain the aims education “
Principles of Curriculum Development
During our discussion on the phases of curriculum development, we have pointed out two main aspects, selection and organization .Both aspects are governed by different principles. Recognizing their correlation and continuity, they are collectively adopted as the popular principles of curriculum development.
a. Principles Of Selection
Several principles have been framed for the selection. Most of the experts are agreed with Wheeler on these principles; hence following principles are adopted for completion of this aspect
• Principle of Validity
There should be no deficiencies in curriculum and its all phases should be settled with real demands and requirements. It should be according to current national and universal needs. To make it more acceptable, there should be enough provisions of making necessary changes. The subjects and activities selected for curriculum can be modified as and when required for the larger interest of the nation.
• Principles of Comprehensiveness
The principle of comprehensiveness is observed in selection. It should be comprehensive and composite to fulfill the expectation of all aspects of the personality of a child.
• Principles of Variety
Curriculum is developed on the basis of subjects and activities. Similarity in activates reduces interest and repetition results in curtailing and minimizing the urge of learning.
• Principles of Suitability