Women in Psychology
March 10, 2014
Women in Psychology
Rene Descartes, Sigmund Freud, William James, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, what do these names have in common? They are all pioneers who furthered psychology, and they are all names of men. So, were there any women who contributed to psychology? Of course, there were. Mary Whiton Calkins (the American Psychological Association’s first woman president), Mary Ainsworth (known for her research in relationships between mothers and infants), and Leta Hollingsworth (known for her study on gifted children) were all great women who contributed much to psychology. Among these female greats, one woman stands out – Karen Horney. Karen Horney entered medical school, one of the first women to be admitted to a German university, in 1906. Karl Abraham, a student of Sigmund Freud, supervised Karen Horney’s training in psychoanalysis in Berlin. She spent five years, after completing her training, in clinical work and 12 years as an instructor at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, of which she was also a founding member. She also held her own private practice on the side. In 1932, she moved to the United States to become the associate director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. She later moved to New York to begin her own practice there and become a member of the New York Psychoanalytic Institution. She founded the American Institute for Psychoanalysis and published five books (two books were then published after her death in 1952) ("Horney, Karen," 1968). Horney did not agree with the Freudian doctrine of psychoanalysis. One issue she argued was his libido theory, and this is what pushed her to the forefront of the psychoanalysis movement now known as the Neo-Freudian Movement. She strongly disagreed with Freud's notion that the libido is what accounted for our character traits, behavior, and character development. She argued that Freud's theory showed that “human...
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