top-rated free essay

WK 5 Chemical Senses

By Jme57 Apr 18, 2015 975 Words


Chemical Senses
Jaime Schildt
PSY345
March 30, 2015
Professor Chandler, Taleshia L.
Chemical Senses
Have you ever stepped into a room that is saturated with the sweet smell of the most delicious desserts? One can only imagine biting into one of the pieces of pie and have it taste just like heaven. Odds are, the food that you are smelling would probably taste just as good as it smells. However, can you imagine biting into this perfect pie that smells so wonderfully delicious only to have your taste buds become disappointed? It could easily work the other way around, a pie that appears mediocre with hardly any smell to it, yet once you have taken a bite, it is just like heaven! Both the sense of smell and taste greatly influences one another. Hence the reason why when someone has a cold, one can barely taste the food at all. Aside from utilizing one’s nose for their own smelling pleasure, according to Dowdey (2015), “Smell is often our first response to stimuli. It alerts us to fire before we see flames. It makes us recoil before we taste rotten food” (para. 1). The sense of smell is also called olfactory. It is a chemical sense identified by chemoreceptors. Chemoreceptors is a sensory cell. When chemoreceptors are stimulated by odorant through the nose, electrical impulses is passed on to the brain. The brain subsequently construe the patterns in the electrical activity in place of particular odors. Once this occurs then the olfactory sensation converts into a perception (Dowdey, 2015). Just like the sense of smell, the sense of taste is a chemical sense. Quite often, the sense of smell and taste are linked together. It is also called gustation. When molecules, either liquid or soild form enter the mouth and stimulate taste receptors, it is called taste (Godlstein, 2015). As mentioned earlier, the sense of smell is one of our first response to stimuli and protector. Just like the sense of smell, the sense of taste also plays a vital part in keeping one safe. According to Goldstein (2015), “Taste and olfaction can be thought of as “gate keepers” (p. 364). The reason for this is because one’s sense of taste assist on determining what should be consumed as well as avoided. This is done so through the connection between taste quality and a substance’s effect. Although, the sense of taste and smell are separate senses with their very own receptor organs, they are very much connected. As stated previously, a good example is the fact that food does not taste like much when one is currently suffering a cold. When an individual’s nose is congested and momentarily weaken, the mixture of taste and smell or the flavor of food is also compromised. When the nose is congested, the ability to smell or detect food odors is diminished. The sense of taste is busy trying to figure out which chemicals are sweet, bitter, salty, sour, and umami which is savory in Japanese (“Brainfacts.org”, 2015). To no surprise, the sweet compounds is automatically accepted which also triggers an anticipatory metabolic response that initiates the gastrointestinal system for processing these substances. Bitter compounds do just the opposite from the sweet compounds. It instead triggers the automatic rejection responses in order to avoid harmful substances to the organism. Salty tastes indicates that sodium is present. When people sweat, they also lose a large amount of sodium. When this occurs, the body craves for salty foods to replace the sodium that is lost. When both taste and smell are combined, one’s perception of food is heightened. In order to make a meal taste better, I would change texture. There are several people whom are unable to eat certain foods due to its texture. I find texture to be appealing. Aside from the taste, it gives food character and satisfies my mouth when chewing different types of consistencies. To emphasize the connection between the chemical senses, emotional memories, and the brain the sensory specific satiety must be present. During the Proust effect, individuals either have a more satisfaction or dissatisfaction to a taste due to a memory. Taste and olfaction has the ability to unlock memories according to Proust. According to Goldstein (2015), in regards to odor-elicited memory, there is a correlation from structures that involved in both taste and olfaction to the amygdala which is a connected to emotional behavior, along with other structures such as the hippocampus, which is a part of storing memories. In conclusion, in order to take full advantage of eating a delicious meal, one must be healthy. Meaning, one is not congested due to the flu or common cold. Therefore, both the sense of taste and smell has the ability to do their part in order to enhance the flavor of food. Another way to take advantage of a delicious meal is to eat meals that allows one to utilize the Proust effect. For instance, eating Christmas or thanksgiving dinner is always much more joyous due to the fact that majority of the time, it reminds people of spending time with family and opening gifts. It brings people back to a “happy place”. The sense of smell and taste is not primarily just for eating however they also play a vital role in protecting oneself. One can smell fire from a distance and determine when food is bad just by smelling it. The sense of taste has the ability to detect chemicals which triggers the reflex to avoid or prohibit one from further allowing the substance in one’s mouth.

Reference:
Brainfacts.org. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.brainfacts.org/sensing-thinking-behaving/senses-and-perception/articles/2012/taste-and-smell/ Dowdey, S. (2015). How Stuff Works. Retrieved from http://health.howstuffworks.com/mental-health/human-nature/perception/smell.htm Goldstein, E. B. (2014). Sensation and Perception (9th ed.). : Cengage Learning.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Chemical Senses

    ...Chemical Senses OLFACTION The sense of smell. Begins with the detection of molecules suspended in the air Olfactory stimuli Must be soluble in fat Taken through the nostrils and circulated within the nasal cavities connected to the nostrils. Olfactory epithelium Thin sheet of cells which contain neural receptors for olfaction Con...

    Read More
  • Senses

    ...THE SENSES Hilgard morgan and Sartain explain that there are more than eight senses that we use to explore and learn about the world.Each of these senses has a specific sense organ within which are receptor cells or receiving mechanisms that are sensitive to certain stimuli in the environment. The Eye Is the organ of vision, is some...

    Read More
  • 5 Senses

    ...The five senses are an important area for students to learn about because it is a topic and an area that affects all of us. “A learning strategy is a series of steps that can be repeated over and over to solve a problem or to complete a task” (Echevarria). This will be a weeklong lesson plan over the five senses using different learning str...

    Read More
  • The senses

    ...perception are stages of processing of the senses in human and animal systems, such as vision, auditory, vestibular, and pain senses. Included in this topic is the study of illusions such as motion aftereffect, color constancy, auditory illusions, and depth perception. Sensation is the function of the low-level biochemical and neurological ev...

    Read More
  • Wk 5 Assignment

    ...Week 5 Assignment Kanit Dararutana Dr. Thomas Hennefer BUS 642 – Business Research Methods & Tools Ashford University 4 February 2013 Week 5 Assignment Making Research Decisions 2) Suppose you were preparing two-way tables of percentages for the following pairs of variables. How would you run the percentages? a)...

    Read More
  • Mgt 380 Wk 5

    ...Implementing Change Paper Andre Fairley MGT/380 May 1st Matthew Johnson Implementing Change In the used car business change can be stressful and frequent. Subaru of Wichita is a company that is going through those changes as we speak. Subaru of Wichita was picked up by the former Suzuki of Wichita company which has...

    Read More
  • WK 5 Assignment

    ...time wreak havoc in the online banking community for everyone. This also has the potential to affect more than the citizens but certain government agencies as well. Even though there has been some sound aspects in some of the global markets, there has also been some on the decline. According to Mourdoukoutas, “The bad side of globalization ...

    Read More
  • Wk 5 Individual 1

    ...physical and mental, will learn the same material as everyone else. These students might require a little bit of help such as a computer program in order to achieve this. ("5 Reasons Cursive Writing Should Be Taught In School", 2014, para 5). I believe handwriting is important in all grades because students will use this skill for the rest of t...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.