This paper intends to discuss the role of epistemology in research while defining knowledge as fact or fiction in society which constantly changes. The writer intends to utilize various methods of acquiring knowledge in both the natural tangible and intangible world composition. The end result may offer the reader a better understanding of the influences and formulation of a management research problem of knowledge itself. Epistemology and Knowledge
What is knowledge? Easterby-Smith et al. (2012, p. 21) note that epistemology is inquiring via various methods regarding the composition of nature in both physical and social worlds. Knowledge itself can be described on what insight is gained from the situation regardless if the perspective is physical or social. The transfer of data from one element to another may be considered knowledge. Mosakliuk et al. (2013, p. 210) note that virtual training environments (VTE) require cooperation and interaction amongst team members where the transfer of knowledge may be complex due to the environment. Therefore, the transfer of knowledge is pertinent in a social or physical construct where dependent variables such as learning outcomes, collaboration and knowledge transfers are the end results of VTE. Knowledge is the transfer of information from one discipline to the other while gaining insight. How knowledge is acquired
How is knowledge acquired? Knowledge can be acquired through training, education, family, openness, research and inquiry itself. Easterby-Smith et al. (2012, p. 17) note that ontology is in regards to the nature of reality whereas in comparison epistemology enquires into the nature of the world itself. Both of these methods are significant for research as research itself influences knowledge acquisition. The debate continues on how social science research allows positivism whereas knowledge should be measured through objective methods versus subjective methods such as refection and intuition...
References: Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R. & Jackson, P. (2008) Management research. 4th Edition. London: SAGE Publications (Accessed: 17 October, 2014).
Moskaliuk, J., Bertram, J., & Cress, U. (2013) 'Impact of Virtual Training Environments on the Acquisition and Transfer of Knowledge ', Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 3, pp. 210-214. [Online]. Available from: http://ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/login?url=http://openurl.ac.uk/?title=Cyberpsychology,+Behavior+and+Social+Networking&volume=16&issue=3&spage=210&date=2013 (Accessed: 18 Oct 2014)
Van Gich, J.P. (2002) 'Comparing the Epistemologies of Scientific Disciplines in Two Distinct Domains: Modern Physics versus Social Sciences ', Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 19, pp. 199-209. [Online]. DOI: 10.1002/SRES.465 Available from: http://ezproxy.liv.ac.uk/login?url=http://openurl.ac.uk/?title=Systems+Research+and+Behavioral+Science&volume=19&issue=&spage=199&date=2002 (Accessed: 18 Oct 2014)
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