Accompanying and following the Renaissance “rebirth” during the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries and supplementing the Protestant and Catholic Reformations, the persecution of individuals as witches in Europe reached its zenith during the sixteenth century. Countless people, women and men alike, were accused of witchcraft, although this scale was tipped significantly toward poor, old women whose husbands’ had low wage work. The notion of witchcraft appealed to and was possible at the time to the general public because such occurrences as “mysterious disappearances” or “Satanic luck” necessitated explanations. These events were thus attributed to “servants of the Devil,” or witches, who were supposedly possessed to bend to Satan’s will as stated my Luther. Luther’s bias was towards the bible because he was a religious leader; therefor he believed what it said, which was that witches existed. Many accused witches were tortured until they either admitted, like Walpurga Hausmannin, or were killed from torture. Hausmannin’s bias was towards women because she was one, and she was very skeptical towards all the women being killed. No one was safe, as even mayors councilors and associate judges were persecuted. The witch-hunting excitement of the period resulted from religious, individual, societal, and sociological fears and interests prevalent during the time frame. First, highly influential religious individuals like Luther, Calvin, and the pope form a group of people who played a major role in promoting the belief of witchcraft among the people. Pope Innocent VIII, for example, willingly accepted the concept of witchcraft and even fully supported the persecution of witches. His bias was also towards the Bible. As a religious leader, the Pope wholeheartedly believed that individuals “give themselves over to devils” and, as a servant of God, was obliged to purge the world of them. The notable Protestant leaders Martin Luther and John Calvin shared this identical
Witchcraft during the Renaissance opened new cognitive ideas about the supernatural for the people of that time. The printing press, one of the tools responsible for learning back then, was invented by a witch of the Renaissance; Johannes Gutenberg. With this new invention, books and bibles containing religion were printed. Because of this, it led to the witch trials of the 15th and 16th centuries. With the curiosity of the renaissance, astrology, alchemy, and magic became widely discussed and furthered….
Astrology During The Renaissance
There were many different superstitions popular at the time of the Renaissance. Many people believed in luck, ghosts, witches, and astrology. There were multiple items associated with luck and have their origins in Renaissance superstitions. Such as, if something bad happened, like an injury or receiving bad news, a person during the Renaissance would record the day and time and consider it ‘unlucky’ and avoid important activities at the time from there on. Renaissance….
HUMANISM IN RENAISSANCE
Renaissance is a term used to describe ‘rebirth’ (in French), which began in Italy in late middle age and then spread to other parts of Europe. During the Renaissance people to question the Scholastic methods of that time and their questioning resulted as the birth of humanism.
Humanism goes along with secularism in the sense that it makes humans beings, not God, the centre of attention. People began to do things because they enjoyed them rather than for God’s glory. It….
usage of such principles of art is prevalent during the Gothic age, transitioning to the Renaissance period. Artist across Europe were influenced by the distinct styles of the two time periods, and it is apparent in many sculptures and paintings by famous artists such as Giotto and Michelangelo. The two consecutive art eras, are based around religion and the church; many of the paintings and sculptures that are staple pieces of the Gothic age and Renaissance period are either architecture, paintings….
Medical Science During the Renaissance
The Renaissance was a cultural and intellectual movement that began in the 1300’s and spread throughout Europe. This time period revived the significance of art, music, and architecture. However, while advances in those areas were strong, the medical science field did not grow at the same rate. Back then, it was thought that diseases and illnesses had natural as well as supernatural causes. Many believed that they were punishments from God for sinning. Because….
The Renaissance was a time of rebirth, where literature and art seemed to take center stage and the belief in human potential dominated all parts of the 15th century. Despite these advancements, women remained in a state of subjugation. Women were given no say in who they married, they were expected to birth their husbands children and dedicate their lives to becoming housewives and pleasing their husbands. Women were confined to household duties. They were given no political rights and were limited….
Following the end of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance was born in the 14th century and existed until the 17th century. This period in time began as a movement in Italy and later spread through to the rest of Europe. The Renaissance was considered to be based on the concept of Humanism. This philosophy emphasised on the self-worth, attributes, dignity, abilities and creativity of humans. Humanists found this idea far more appealing than to focus on the Church and expect little comfort in life on Earth….
Warfare During the Renaissance
Warfare did not get invented during the Renaissance, but there were some significant innovations. Feudal cavalry lost its strength of the battlefield, infantry gained in stature, states learned how to field large armies for long periods of time. Most important of all, however, was the use of gunpowder.
The chief result of these innovations was that warfare once and for all was taken out of the hands of private individuals (the nobility) and was taken over by the….
throughout history. In the 12th century chairs were mostly three-legged stools and benches. In the 13th-15th century chairs added backs and four legs to become chairs. High-backed and upright cathedral chairs were common. In the 16th-17th century as the Renaissance prospered, chairs became refined, lighter, more comfortable and more fancy. Looks became as important as function. A church was no longer the only patron of the arts noblemen were too. But European kings, particularly the French line of Louis XIII….
Druga gimnazija Sarajevo
IB World School
Middle Years Programme
Reformation in Europe in 16th century
WORD COUNT 1138
Sarajevo, October 2012
For this essay I choose to write about witchcraft in the 16th and 17th century since I find the topic extremely interesting the write about. Given that we only have a paragraph about it in out History textbooks, I will have to look into other books and also search….