Windshield Survey Reflection

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| Windshield Survey | NUR/405 | | MIRABEL BRYAN | 2/27/2012 |

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Some aspects of a community that could affect health are:
1) Social Support Systems
2) Community Health Care Systems
3) Economic Resources
4) Environmental Factors
1) Social Support Systems - Are personal network of family friends, co-workers and peers. They are the people you turn to in good times and bad. Studies show that people who share their lives with others will live longer, have fewer illnesses and enjoyed enhanced quality of life. Being part of a social system can act as a buffer between an individual and the difficult situation in their life (nyc.gov).
2) Community Health Systems - Consists of general and acute care hospitals; inpatient and outpatient services, general acute care, Emergency Rooms, Medical/Surgical services, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Psychiatry and Rehabilitation (nyc.gov).
3) Economic Resources - Are the assets which an economy may have available to supply and produce goods and services to meet the ever-changing needs and wants of individuals and society as a whole (nyc.gov).
4) Environmental Factors - Affect human health in important ways, both positive and negative. Positive environmental factors sustain health and promoting them is preventive medicine, e.g. nutrition, water, exercise, recreation, sanitation, waste recycling and disposal. Negative environmental factors are threats to health, and controlling them is public environmental health (nyc.gov).

Community Defined – A community is a social group determined by geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. It functions within a particular social structure and exhibits and creates norms, values and social institutions [WHO, 1974, p.7] (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008).
Community Health – Is the meeting of collective needs by identifying problems and managing behaviors within the community itself and between the community and the larger society. The use of status,



References: Anderson, E.T., Mcfarlane, J. Windshield Survey Components, Philadelphia, 1988, J.B. Lippincott Community Mental Health: Retrieved from www.nyc.gov. February 22, 2012 Community as client: application of the nursing process, Philadelphia, 1988, J.B. Lippincott Healthy People 2020: Retrieved from www.healthypeople.gov. February 22, 2012 Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2008). Population-centered health care in the community (7th ed.). St.Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier

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