Windshield Survey Summary and Reflection
April 4, 2015
Windshield Survey Summary and Reflection
Community is commonly defined by geographic location but encompasses much more. Location is a defining element, but a community also includes “a group of people with diverse characteristics who are linked by social ties, share common perspectives, and engage in joint action in that location or setting”, (MacQueen and McLellan and Metzger, 2001). The community of Parkhill is a neighborhood in the city of North Little Rock, a suburb of Little Rock, in central Arkansas. We measure how well the population adapts to its physical and social environment as well as how well the population supports one another in daily life to determine general community health. A community health nurse strives to develop a community that is physically and psychologically healthy; and encourages those within the community to reach their full potential, as evidenced by a statement from the World Health Organization, “health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of infirmity”, ("CDC Centers For Disease Control And Prevention", 2014). Community as client refers to the wider group population within the community, with a focus on nursing services needed. A healthy community is described by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2010 report as “one that continuously creates and improves both its physical and social environments, helping people to support one another in aspects of daily life and to develop to their fullest potential”, ("CDC Centers For Disease Control And Prevention", 2014). North Little Rock has benefited from partnerships with Springhill Baptist Hospital, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Arkansas and Union Pacific Railroad with sponsored community health fairs, “flu clinics’, child vaccination public service announcements and organized runs and cycling events. Summary of Overall Impressions
The participating family resides in Historic Parkhill, a socioeconomically diverse area of the City of North Little Rock. It is eclectic and has a bohemian vibe judging from the diverse shops available and differing style of dress seen on the streets. There are pedestrians, cyclists and strollers representing three primary races seen on nearly every street. The area is bordered by Interstate-30 to the South, McCain Boulevard to the North, Ridge Road to the West and North Hills to the East. The area has a mix of large homes from the 1920’s and 30’s; small, post-World War II tract homes and a few newer builds from the 1950’s through the 1980’s. Most of the homes are well maintained, although there are some in need of repair. According to a Zillow search, there is a price break on the cost of homes at G Avenue, where the homes from G to 47th Street sell for roughly 80% of the homes located in the area G through A. The subject family resides on M avenue, the final residential street before 47th. There are two elementary schools in the community, one of which is slated for closing and sale at the end of this school year. Both schools appear to be predominantly black and Hispanic. There is one middle school for fifth through eighth graders. There are sidewalks on all main thoroughfares and the majority of side streets. The neighborhood has 3 parks within walking distance from the subjects’ home.
All ages are represented in the community. Just spending a short period of time at one of the parks revealed a newborn, toddlers, young children, teenagers, young parents, older adults and many senior citizens. There are two community gardens located here. The area appears to be somewhat racially diverse. While observing traffic in and out of one three gas stations I observed a mix of white, black, and Hispanic customers. Two of the three gas station/mini marts are owned and operated by men of...
References: Arkansas Department of Health. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/chronicDisease/Pages/Obesity.aspx 2011 Obesity Prevention
CDC Centers for disease control and prevention. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/about.htm
Healthy people 2020. (2015). Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-LHI-Topics
MacQueen, K. M., McLellan, E., Metzger, D. S., Kegeles, S., Strauss, R. P., Scotti, R., Trotter, R. T. (2001). What Is Community? An Evidence-Based Definition for Participatory Public Health. American Journal of Public Health, 91(12), 1929–1938.
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