http://www.aboutjonesfamily.com/PAGES/WAR10.HTM May 8, 1945 issue of The Stars and Stripes
Significance of title
The significance of the title is talking about Victory day. The anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allies in 1945, ending World War II. The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima on August 6 and Nagasaki on August 9, and the Soviet Union’s invasion of Manchuria in the previous week made the surrender inevitable. http: //www.timeanddate.com/holidays/us/victory-day. Also it was the day African Americans helped fight.
“Troops in Burma stop work briefly to read President
Truman's Proclamation of Victory in Europe." May 9, 1945”
He is using diction to show that he is fighting for democracy but he still has his rights restrained from him ● “Tan-skinned yank.”
“ Colored folks sit in front of a colored only
store in Belle Grade Florida. This store was
● “Fascists' laps..”
segregated by police order, just like all stores
● “I face death.”
and locations were under the Jim Crow laws
● “Jim Crow birds.”
that 'required' separate but equal services for
colored and white people. The building itself
● “Victory’s glow.”
seems to be covered in dirt and not well taken
care of. This shows that many colored only
● “Negro American.”
stores were very poor, and there were likely
very few in number. The surrounding area
shows that it is in a very poor location.
Often colored only stores were poor, simply
out of the fact that colored people were kept
● “For Democracy?”
poorer than whites.”
Langston Hughes tone in this poem shows how he is disappointed, grieved, and indignant towards the wrong doing towards African Americans that still have no rights even though they fought in the war. ● “When I take off my uniform,
Will I be safe from harm-Or will you do me
As the Germans did the Jews?
When I've helped this world to save,
“But it was with World War II, with
Shall I still be color's slave?
large numbers of black soldiers in uniform,
that the contradiction between fighting for
Or will Victory change
freedom for others and a lack of freedom
Your antiquated views?”
back at home reached a tipping point.
Germany in post World War II was
occupied by thousands of American soldiers,
many of them black.”
The voice in the poem is a persona in a United States African American soldiers view.
Figurative Language ~ Personification
“Jim Crow birds.”
“Will the Jim Crow laws still stand?”
“”The Civil Rights Movement was at its peak from 1955-1965. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race. These victories came after nearly a decade of nonviolent protests and marches including the 1955-1956 Montgomery Bus Boycott, the student-led sitins of the 1960s, the massive March on Washington in 1963, and many other initiatives both large and small.”
Figurative Language ~ Allusion
“Dear Fellow Americans.” (Reference from F.D.R.’s D-Day speech.)
“The Germans and the Japs.” (Referencing to WW1.)
“As the Germans did the Jews?”(Reference to the Holocaust.) “Will you herd me in a Jim Crow car like cattle?”(Reference to the Holocaust when the Jews were put into the cattle cars to go to the concentration camps.)
Figurative Language ~ Simile
● “As the Germans did the Jews?”
● “Will you herd me in a Jim Crow car
Figurative Language ~Symbols
“Jim Crow birds.”
“GI Joe.”(GI Joe: A nickname for United States soldier, particularly during...
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