Why Scientist Don’t do Ethics and Why it is Important That They do
| Ethical Issues in Science
Scientists don’t deal with ethics because they are more involved with the science and getting results. The pressure of working in that field is put on them to get results for their careers and getting more grant money. They should deal with ethics for the betterment of all that. If the public believes that scientist are unethical and can’t be trusted, the research they do will have to be more heavily regulated, money will not be given to certain types of research, and their careers will ultimately suffer because they can do their work and the scientific community looks down on people who break the unwritten code of ethics. There are many unethical problems that scientist face that are not deemed illegal but are part of their everyday research and they are not punished for because it is not a part of the FFP. Which is the falsification, fabrication, and/or plagiarism of data in research. (1) These are the issues that will get a scientist fired and/or discredited. These are the things that the gaze of the public’s eye falls upon and where mistrust in science comes from. Although these things may be written as regulations for scientists to follow, they must also follow a set of unwritten rules and ethics within research. Some of these include: * Publishing the same paper in two different journals without telling the editors * Submitting the same paper to different journals without telling the editors * Not informing a collaborator of your intent to file a patent in order to make sure that you are the sole inventor * Including a colleague as an author on a paper in return for a favor even though the colleague did not make a serious contribution to the paper * Discussing with your colleagues confidential data from a paper that you are reviewing for a journal * Trimming outliers from a data set without discussing your reasons in paper * Using an inappropriate statistical technique in order to enhance the significance of your research * Bypassing the peer review process and announcing your results through a press conference without giving peers adequate information to review your work * Conducting a review of the literature that fails to acknowledge the contributions of other people in the field or relevant prior work Most of the things listed above would also violate different professional ethics codes or institutional policies. However, they do not fall into the narrow category of actions that the government classifies as research misconduct. (2)The problem in these research misconducts, is that if scientist do not follow these unwritten rules they are not only hurting their own career within the scientific community but also the view the public has on science and research. In a study on why scientists do have ethical dilemas, it states that there is only 0.01% of scientist that violate the FFP standard and all others are violations of the unwritten rules and “mundane” problems of everyday work. Some of the not-so-serious issues include -improper acknowledgment of collaborators, slow scientific progress, undermine trust in the research process, waste public funds, and increase external regulation of science. When policymakers limit their concern to the prevention of infrequently occurring cases of FFP, they overlook the many ways scientists compromise their work in an effort to accommodate to the way science is funded and scientists are trained. The pressures placed on theses scientists drive them to bend the rules more often than not. (1) “Cases of misconduct are not simple matters to evaluate. One source of concern is confusion within the field of science about just what constitutes a punishable infringement of ethical standards. In the fields of engineering, law, and medicine, clear written guidelines exist for defining ethical conduct. Although some particularly difficult...
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