In this assignment we will be looking at why people exercise and why they don’t. This assignment will also include what barriers there are to exercise and determinants of exercise adherence they include; personal, demographic, environmental and cognitive. We will also look at behavioural change models they are; transtheoretical model — Prochaska and Di Clemente; health belief model, theory of planned behaviour.
Why people exercise
People exercise for many reasons. For example, someone who is severely overweight may exercise to improve their health by shedding pounds. Others may exercise for appearance reasons, such as gaining a certain muscle tone. Some may exercise just to stay healthy as part of a dual role with diet. Still others may exercise out of necessity to help fight off or control diseases such as diabetes or heart disease. Exercise also causes noticeable effects on the heart. When you exercise your muscles, whether through strength training or aerobic exercise, you also exercise your heart, a muscle. Exercise strengthens the heart, allowing it to pump the blood through the body easier; this reduces the blood pressure within the blood vessels. Other than the physical effects of exercise there are psychological effects. One of the most significant areas where this connection has been studied is the effects of exercise on anxiety and depression. When you exercise, your body produces feel-good chemicals called endorphins, which can naturally help treat contributing factors to depression and anxiety Candidate
What exercise did you do?
Why do you do it?
Rugby, gym and fitness coaching
To lose weight, improve fitness and have good health
Cycling, football and walking
They enjoy it and improve and maintain fitness
To lose weight
Gym and rugby
Increase muscle mass
Why people don’t exercise
People do not exercise because they have a poor diet, they may eat the wrong things like too much fatty foods and sugary drinks, if they make a change to their diet for example have more fibre, fruit, vegetables and have more healthy protein in their diet they will find that they will become more energised and alert. Another reason why people don’t exercise is because of their current physical condition, they could be obese maybe they think they are too old to exercise; before any exercise can happen people who think they cannot exercise must consult a doctor to make sure it is okay. Almost anyone can perform some sort of physical activity regardless of size, age and gender. Getting a lack of results can be used as an excuse to not do exercise, when you don’t see the results that you want to people become less motivated and disheartened. Exercise changes the inside of your body as well and the outside, it can reduce blood pressure, increase muscular strength and endurance and can help protect some chronic diseases. Candidate
What exercise did you do
Why do you not do it?
Doesn’t take part in exercise
He was too lazy to take part in exercise but goes to the sauna Candidate 2
Doesn’t take part in exercise
They had self-esteem issues and stooped them from taking part in exercise
Barriers to exercise
People create their own barriers to exercise for example ‘I don’t have enough time’, ‘exercise is boring’ and ‘I don’t know how to be active’. There are ways of getting past these barriers. ‘I don’t have enough time’; throughout the day keep a diary of what you do for one week, at the end of the week look at the diary and see how much free time you actually have. Don’t exercise for long periods of time cut them down it blocks so you can do little but often, 15 minutes a day. During your day think of ways to incorporate exercise into your lift, you could get off the bus one stop before and then walk the rest of the way or take the stairs instead...
Bibliography: 1. http://www.livestrong.com/article/370670-ten-reasons-people-do-not-exercise/
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