Why Have Interpretations of Oliver Cromwell Changed over the Centuries?

Topics: Charles I of England, English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell Pages: 4 (1167 words) Published: May 17, 2012
Oliver Cromwell was born in 25 April 1599. Cromwell Died on 3 September 1658. He rose from fairly humble beginnings to become the most victorious military and political leader of the Civil Wars, who was part of the joint republican, military and parliamentarian effort that caused the downfall of the Stuart monarchy as a result of the English Civil War, and was consequently invited by his associate leaders to assume a head of state role in 1653. As such, Cromwell ruled as "Lord Protector" for a five-year segment (1653–58) of the 11-year period of Republican Commonwealth and settlement rule of England, and technically of Ireland, Wales and Scotland. As one of the commanders of the New Model Army, he played an essential role in the defeat of the King's army, the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell conquered the short-lived Commonwealth of England, conquered Ireland and Scotland, ruling as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658. He was also 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. Oliver Cromwell is remembered because he was just another right-wing militarist religious zealot. In its way, the structure of the Lord Protectorate was a precursor of Stalinist Russia, with its Politburo, assembly and leadership cult - though substituting Puritanism for state-supported atheism. It could be said that everything Cromwell attempted, in the way of government reform, failed. It often failed within a year of the attempt - as with the Parliament of Saints. The Instruments of Government failed within eighteen months. He alternately enfranchised and disenfranchised various groups. He never found a calm solution to government and finally ruled despotically through his clutch of political commissars, the Major Generals. Finally, like Caesar, he was presented the Crown. Like Caesar, he first rejected, and then accepted it, but Oliver became the Lord Protector. His Protectorate hardly...
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