1. Why does Brody reject the conventional ideas about the conflict between self-interest and morality?
He turns down the notion of psychological egoism. He claim self-interest is always the root of morality 2. Why does Brody reject Hobbes’s solution?
He believes that people’s self interest is not compared to being moral. For example, he notes “if I choose to not act moral to gain an advantage, by cheating or stealing? Isn’t that in my best interest?” This explains that’s self interest and moral cant be used in the same sequence due to the fact that stealing could be self interest to you but to someone else it could be a violation of their morals.
3. What are the radical solutions Brody suggests?
He separates desires into non-self-interested and self-interested, making the term “desires” irrelevant. If a desire is for something other than your own well-being, it is a non-self-interested one.
5. What distinction does Brody rely on to refute the position of the psychological egoist? Does he succeed? Why or why not?
Brody claims that Prichard and Hutchinson are attacking the notion of psychological egoism, which is the claim that the only motive for an action is rational self-interest. Though surely everyone has seen examples of seemingly unselfish behavior for deeper selfish reasons, it alone is not enough to support egoism. So what? If we only act altruistic to make us happy, and that’s in our self-interest, we are still acting in a moral sense that transcends Hobbes’ views and the sordid views of egoism. Brody separates desires into non-self-interested and self-interested, making the term “desires” irrelevant. If a desire is for something other than your own well-being, it is a non-self-interested one.
Living without government and state isn’t rational self-interest (prof)
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