Why did the United States enter World War I in 1917?
On June 28th 1914, Franz Ferdinand, the Austrian archduke, and his wife were murdered by a Bosnian revolutionary named Gavrilo Princip. This assassination triggered declarations of war. Firstly, this gave Austria a reason to attack Serbia. This then led to Russia mobilizing their army in order to defend Serbia, which then led to Germany executing “The Plan” and attacking France through Belgium. The domino effect continued and war broke out due to a mixture of things. Alliances played a great role in the war, as each nations began forming and expanding their militaries. The war was “Central Powers” vs. “Allied Powers”. The central powers were Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria and Romania (which changed sides half way through the war). The Allied Powers consisted of France, USSR, The British Empire, Serbia and the USA.
The United States initially wanted to stay out of the war mainly because they declared that they would be a “neutral” nation that only acts as a “peacemaker”. President Wilson declared numerous time that “The United States was too proud to fight” and would not be entering the war. He also mentioned that the U.S. would not tolerate unrestricted submarine warfare.
Before America’s entry, The U.S-German relations were neutral. They were not much involved with each other apart from political and labor relations. America’s opinion changed throughout the war after the sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman Telegram and because of the European alliances that America was involved with.
America’s entry in World War 1 in 1917 was based on a number of key factors Economics, Retaliation and Pre-emption.
Economics - .. At the time, the US had large economic investments with the British and French. If Germany was to win the war it was not clear what would happen to those investments. Protecting France and Britain was therefore in a way protecting their investment. If the...
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