At around 1880 every European power wanted to colonize Africa. The started to do this because of the discovery of diamonds and gold in South Africa. Naturally as the European powers started to claim land things started to get tense. The countries in Europe started to fear war with themselves.
To avoid potential conflict, fourteen European countries got together in 1884 to 1885. They got together at the Berlin Conference. The Berlin Conference gave the rules on how Africa would be divided.
The first major thing that shows the Berlin Conference