Who Were The Mayans And What Lead To Th

Topics: History of the world, Ibn Khaldun Pages: 2 (430 words) Published: December 3, 2014
Steven Williams
Block 3
World History

Who were the Mayans and what led to their 
mysterious fall? The Mayans were a civilization 
in Mesoamerica. They were believed to have risen 
in 300 to 900 A.D. There are many ideas of how 
the civilization came to a fall. To me there are 
only two that make the most sense: The 
Deforestation Theory, and Civil Strife Theory. 
Historians try to solve the mystery as to why  the  Mayan Civilization collapsed. 
First of all, deforestation makes the most 
sense because the Mayans were a big civilization, 
maybe too big. The cities themselves were enormous.  In article one the historian states: ``experts 
estimate it would have taken 20 trees to produce 
a single meter of city scape.” If you have 20 
square meters of a city you would have 400 trees 
gone. Now imagine thousands of square miles (there 
are over 1,608 meters per mile) for every 
city-state. The amount of trees being removed was 
enough to change the environment for the worst. 
Fewer trees meant less solar radiation being 
absorbed, less water was being evaporated, more 
soil erosion, less food production, less fuel for heat  and cooking and, eventually, the capacity of the 
land could not support the cities and its 
civilization. These are some of the reasons why 
deforestation is the theory that makes the most 

Steven Williams
Block 3
World History


My second choice is the Civil Strife Theory 
which describes how the Mayans collapsed. Civil 
strife is basically overpopulation, food shortages 
and civil unrest or revolt. The scarcity and chaos  of civil unrest could eventually lead to complete 
collapse. Researchers have found evidence 
supporting the theory that sea levels rose during 
the time of the Mayans causing overpopulation 
when the coastal cities and their populations 
were forced inland. Overpopulation could have 
caused the cities to have food shortages, which ...
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