Preview

Who Is The Antagonist In All Quiet On The Western Front

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1153 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Who Is The Antagonist In All Quiet On The Western Front
Group 1 Johann Gottfried von Herder and Ernest Renan both tried to give a definition to a notion of a nation, and the ways they used to do so were, seemingly, similar. First, they both incorporate the idea of nature and its barriers and unifications – mountains and rivers – in their works; however, each of them proves different points. Herder argues that “if otherwise mountains had arisen, rivers flowed, or coasts trended, then how very different would mankind have scattered over this tilting place of nations” meaning that he believes that nature and the planet surface is one of the main reasons so many distinguishable nations exist (Herder 2). Renan, on the other hand, believes that geography, although important, is not an absolute reason …show more content…
Paul Baumer is one of the many young men who share this fate. Throughout the novel, he expresses his disillusionment with the ordinary life on numerous occasions: he does not feel home at the house of his family, his civilian clothes “feel[s] awkward”, and, overall, he thinks that people who have not been through war cannot understand him (Remarque 164). He is longing for home and his ordinary life; however “a sense of strangeness will not leave [him], [he] cannot feel at home among these things”, he thinks that there is “a veil, between” him, his sister, and his mother. The reason for that is not that they stopped loving each other after he went to the war; the reason is that despite the fact that they love him and sympathize with him, they cannot understand the reality of the war (Remarque 160). Other people want to hear about his and German army exploits and treat him as props who is at war to bring glory to the nation. They speak convincing words about glory, fame, and progress, and youth like Paul believes them, at first; however, after they see their friends dying and other terrors that war brings it all loses its meaning. Paul admits that sometimes he is jealous of people who just live their civilian lives; however, on …show more content…
As other surrealistic paintings, “The Persistence of Memory” challenges the notion of reality. The world depicted in the picture is definitely not the reality familiar to people, but it is rather a dream that a person might have. The painting combines solid objects with melting clocks, and it can leave viewers wondering whether clocks are clearly unreal or, giving the situation, if solid objects are, in fact, more likely to be unreal. Thus, Dali in “The Persistence of Memory” questions the very concept of reality and embraces the higher reality. Besides, the painting reflects an expression of an unconscious truth. This truth is represented by the clocks. They are soft and it seems that they are melting off the solid objects; therefore, it can represent the relativity of time. In the reality, people seem to learn to control time: with clocks, dates, years, hours, and minutes. Moreover, time is a very important concept in the reality because everything that happens can be assigned a specific time period. However, in Dali’s understanding, time is relative, thus, surreal. Accordingly, it may be argued that Dali has reached the individual

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    World War One is known for its bloodshed. “All Quiet on the Western Front,” explains how the war changes people in their mental, emotional, and physical state featuring Paul, a young soldier. The book emphasizes heroism over glory, and how winning was a spirit booster. Although this is true, there were some un-favourited effects of the battles. Bullets and bombs weren't the only ways that had killed many of the men Combat is a common factor in suicides. Only two months after the war did suicides become an issue to the point where populations were dramatically dropping in the states.…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    One of the most fascinating of Salvador Dali’s later works is 1954s The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory, a direct continuation of Dali’s 1931 painting The Persistence of Memory. Offering a darker interpretation of this earlier work, Disintegration features a flooded version of the original landscape, many of the original elements breaking down and literally disintegrating. Much of these changes in the makeup and composition of the painting are a result of Dali’s own change in outlook from the subjective dream exploration of surrealism to the more practical and fascinating world of science and quantum mechanics (Lubar 136). In this exploration of…

    • 1086 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Throughout the entire book, many themes can be discovered by the readers, including patriotism, identity, sacrifice, and many others. However, one theme that appears very oftenly throughout the course of the novel is liberty. In many book, the theme liberty is an advance indication of a plot where the characters fight for liberty. However, in this book, “All Quiet on the Western Front,” the theme signifies the lack of liberty throughout the experiences of almost all of the characters. Paul first learned that it was important to show patriotism inside one’s heart. He was very brave to show loyalty toward his country by deciding to go fight in the war. Soon he realized that war was such a burden with no hope for the future. He had to go through continuous troubles, hide from constant threats. There was no freedom anywhere. His life was chained behind bars, being forced to train hard and sacrifice so much to continuously fight till the very end. This wasn’t just the case for him but all of the other soldiers. For example, when being…

    • 477 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    From an analytical standpoint The Persistence of Memory displays several elements of art, such as a sharp three-dimensional depth, this piece also expresses principles of design through emphasis; there is a great emphasis on the clocks. At this point the question is risen what inspired this artist to paint this piece, based on prior knowledge of the time frame of the early to mid-1900s I amused that the melting of the clocks was symbolic of individuals need to spend more time with loved ones and friends. Finally, this paper added two perspectives one from the Museum of Modern Art and one from the Dali Museum which is a museum that is strictly dedicated to Mr. Dali, both perspectives put a great emphasis on the clocks but the inspiration came from the melting of…

    • 1412 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the book All Quiet on the Western Front the main character and narrator Paul describes the war as not fighting for his country but fighting for his own survival. This theme has been repeatedly outspoken in the book because Paul and the other characters have lost their sense of patriotism. Once the characters have left their previous feelings of patriotism, which is why they joined the war initially, they have no other choice but to fight in order to survive the war. Throughout the book Paul thinks back to when he was in school listening to one of his teachers lecture and he thought that at this point he had great feelings of patriotism and love for his country. Later on in the book when he is with his classmates overseas in the war he realizes that he no longer fights in the war is for love of country but for his own survival.…

    • 884 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the book All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque, there are many symbols. However the main symbol that ties everything together is the boots. The boots are a symbol for loss of identity, dehumanization, and cheapness of human life. During World War I, men were put in boot camp straight from high school. They never have a chance to grow up and develop lives of their own. Although they have lost their innocence due to hardships of the war, they are still young boys at heart. This shows how their boots are a symbol for dehumanization. As soon as they put on their boots, they become tough, experienced, soldiers that know nothing but methods of survival and how to follow orders. The army breeds men to be like machines and putting on their boots is like their instinctive queue to follow orders. This also shows how their boots are a symbol for loss of identity. Putting on the boots means they all have the same uniform and follow the same orders. They are trained to be like robots and their boots is what allows them to adapt to these expectations. Without them, they are nothing but young, innocent boys. Lastly, the boots are also a symbol for cheapness of human life. The army kept bringing in more and more soldiers as more and more soldiers kept dying. There seemed to be no end to the cycle. When one soldier died, his boots are given to another soldier, as if the first soldier never existed in the first place. There was more concern as to who was going to receive the boots than to the actual death of a friend. This shows how human life was taken for granted. The boots in All Quite on the Western Front symbolized loss of identity, cheapness of humanity and dehumanization.…

    • 475 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As Paul progresses through war, his skin becomes thick, he begins to look more and more like a leader. He treats new comrades with respect and encouragement. After surviving an enemy bombardment, Paul attempts to comfort a startled newbie. (P.60) “That’s no disgrace ... Many’s the man before you has had his pants full after the first bombardment. Go behind that tree and take your underpants off.” Paul treats the frightened soldier as a friend and tells him everything is alright, he even tells him to take his dirty pants off so the rest of his embarrassing experience is somewhat bearable. Paul has been in this boy’s shoes before, Paul speaks from his heart, and he knows exactly what to say to make the soldier not feel out of place. He makes such an effort to comfort this boy because he wish’s someone had treated and cared for him as he is doing now. He understands how crappy war can be at such a young age and doesn’t want it to be as tough as it was for him. Another scene where Paul takes charge and plays a companion role is when he is trying to save his fellow squad member from the enemy gas. “I swipe at him with the satchel, he doesn’t see—once again,—once again… I reach the man, his satchel on the side nearest me, I seize the mask, pull it over his head, he understands now” (P.65). Paul risks his life by standing in…

    • 818 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    All Quiet on the Western Front, written in 1929 by Erich Maria Remarque, is superficially the story of one soldiers’ journey in World War 1 and his eventual death. Beneath this, however, Remarque has composed a literary treasure which, above all, seeks to illustrate war as that which is engrained in the nucleus of humanity and through the hugely negative effects of war depicted, seeks to question humanities apparent advancement through its need to engage in such a futile exercise as war. Remarque’s Liberal Humanist ideology is given expression through the correlation between war and nature, thus emphasizing the innate position of war within man, the ultimate paradox contained within an advanced mankind engaging in primitive conflicts and the ironic search for an omniscient being derived from man’s reduction to the barest quest for survival. In addition through the examination of the negativities surrounding the social institutions and hierarchies set up in the absence of god, All Quiet on the Western Front becomes much more than an emotive and well constructed piece of historical realism. In All Quiet on the Western Front, the connections between war and the natural surroundings in which it is fought give rise to the position of war the collective psyche of mankind. The military jargon of the ‚the white puffs of smoke from the tracer bullets‛ is followed by the natural imagery of ‚the sun shining on them‛ in order to emphasize the apparent synchronization between war and nature. The colour imagery of white of the bullets and yellow of the sun, being light colours, connote the harmonious relationship between nature and war. Through the proximity of phrases describing both war and nature in an endearing fashion we are led to conclude that war and nature, or that which is primitive, are fundamentally linked. The gaian imagery ‚Earth, with your ridges and holes and hollows into which a man can throw himself , where a man can hide‛ is ironic as it takes a man-made…

    • 2090 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Remarque shows a very strong effect of war on the soldier and also on the family member back home, the civilians of home front. Remarque shows how Paul returning home has made…

    • 858 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    At the time when it was exhibited, critics immediately drew a direct connection between the melting clocks and time dilation in the theory of relativity (Puchko). The critics made a direct connection between the piece and Einstein’s theory because of two reasons. First, when the painting was exhibited was around he time when Einstein released his theory. It made a big impact on the science world because it was so debatable, and it still is. Second is because it is extremely relevant visually to time dilation. Basically, the time dilation, a part of the theory of relativity, is the idea that nothing happens at the same time, even though two events seem to happen at the same exact moment (Whittaker). In Dali’s “The Persistence of Memory” mimics this through the visual in two ways. First, the portrayal of four different melting clocks, as if to question the relevancy of time. Second, each clock is around the same time, with the hour hand close to the 7 and the minute hand ranging between the 11 and the 1. This could represent the idea that nothing happens at the same exact time, although it may seem that two events happen exactly the same time. For example, moving clocks are slower than stationary ones. Two clocks, one stationary and one in a car, are exactly…

    • 1949 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    He’s artworks although similar in style are quite different with a vast variety of concepts. The use of oil on canvas in this painting is ideal for the mood that Salvador was trying to achieve in this particular painting because they are mostly pastel shades and quite dark and simplistic, He uses flat colours with no visible brushstrokes which in my opinion display a high amount of skill and really help to convey the sense of lifelessness. The concept of the artwork “persistence of memory” is not easy to grasp. In the painting four clocks prominently displayed in an empty desert which can be seen as an insight into Salvador Dali’s mind. Which could arguably be memories that are melting away in a desert of nothingness, this is a prime example of a surrealist type of artwork. Coming up with a representation of what it looks like when you are dreaming is one of the main goals of a surrealist. However crazy may seem it could be said that people often have dreams where objects and places come together in a completely unexpected way. Understanding that the painting most likely depicts a dream state is the first part of coming up with a conclusion to this…

    • 708 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Paul Baumer was the character that I felt deserved the most sympathy because he had it tough in the war from finding out that his mother had cancer, being alone, and losing all of his friends. For example, Paul had said, “I am the last of the seven fellows of our class” (293). This shows how all of Paul and his friends have either departed from each other or passed away during the war. This also explains how he was feeling sad and lonely during the war. Another indication that showed Paul's struggles in the war was when he said “I am so alone, and so without hope that I can confront them without fear” (295). This shows how Paul’s apathy got the better of him. He felt so alone and so without hope that he felt that he had nothing to…

    • 630 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The aspect from both novels is about “men who were destroyed by war” (Remarque 12) even when they have escaped the horrors of the war. Both authors express that they do not want to tell us about the experiences in the war, at least not just the war, but rather the destructive impact on the soldier; such as the inability of young people to go back to their life exactly like before the war. There is no doubt that the entire generation has been ruined by war and were unable to function afterwards. Paul Baumer returns home on his seven day leave, and describes those seven days as unhappy personal experiences. He fails to see an old major on the street, he is forced by another officer to go back to the major and salute him according to the etiquette of military soldiers. Paul feels as…

    • 1766 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Baumer receives seventeen days of leave, but will then be reported to a training base to return to the front in six weeks. While on leave we receive a better understanding of how war has changed our brave soldier and how he will never be the same. “I imagined leave would be different from this… at the time i still knew nothing about the war”(Remarque 75). As our narrator sees people in his hometown he now realizes he isn't the person he was before war “I have been crushed without knowing it… I find i do not belong here anymore”. He cannot shake the feeling of “strangeness” as he no longer feels at home in a place that used to think of as his safe place . His mother starts to asks if it was “very bad out there” yet Paul lies to her (Remarque…

    • 165 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    SebastianApr.12/12During the summer of 1914, great nations from around the world found themselves with an opportunity to showcase their national pride and heroism through the global dilemma that was known as the Great War. Many of the top nations, such as Germany, did not care whether how many men it took as long as they won the war. As I read “All Quiet on the Western Front” I began to wonder about how likely it would have been me joining the army if I lived in that era, but more importantly, how I would manage. Would I make it through the end? Would I even get past the first battle? According to WW1 historical facts, only 35% of men that joined the German army came back home…

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays