Student Exploration: Uniform Circular Motion
Vocabulary: acceleration, centripetal acceleration, centripetal force, Newton’s first law, Newton’s second law, uniform circular motion, vector, velocity
Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.)
1. A boy is whirling a yo-yo above his head in a counter-clockwise direction. At the exact moment shown at left, he lets go of the string. In which direction will the yo-yo travel? Draw an arrow on the image to show the yo-yo’s direction.
2. Do you think the released yo-yo’s path will be straight or curved? Explain. It will curve because the yo yo is spinning.
The Uniform Circular Motion Gizmo™ shows a pink puck that is floating above a circular air table. The puck is held to the center of the table by a string so that it travels in a circle at a constant speed.
Check that the radius is 8.0 m and the mass is 5.0 kg. Set the velocity to 5.0 m/s.
1. Turn on Show puck position (m). What are the coordinates of the puck’s position? (8.00,0)
2. Click Play (), and then click Pause () when the puck is close to the y-axis.
What is the puck’s position now? (0.07, 8.00)
3. Click Reset (). Select the BAR CHART tab and select Velocity from the dropdown menu. The three bars represent the magnitude, the x component, and the y component of the puck’s velocity.
A. Click Play. Does the magnitude of the velocity change over time? yes
B. Do the x and y components of the velocity change over time? yes
Activity A: Velocity, acceleration, and force | Get the Gizmo ready: * Click Reset. * Select the DESCRIPTION tab. * Turn on Show velocity and acceleration vectors. | |
Introduction: Velocity is a vector quantity that describes both the speed and direction of an object’s motion. Vectors are represented by arrows. While the speed of the puck is constant, its direction changes continually as it