Numbers in Spanish.
Numbers are everywhere... Why don't we learn today how to express quantities in Spanish?Let's begin with: Numbers: 1 to 10
1: uno (un / una) (*)2: dos3: tres4: cuatro5: cinco6: seis7: siete8: ocho9: nueve10: diez(*) Number 1 ("uno"), in Spanish, changes to "un" if it is followed by a masculine noun, and to "una" if followed by a feminine noun.Examples:"Yo tengo un hermano" (I have one brother)As "hermano" is a masculine noun, we use "un""Yo tengo una hermana" (I have one sister)In this case, "hermana" is feminine, that's why we use "una".Ok, but... what about for "uno"?¿Cuantos libros tienes? (How many books do you have got?)Sólo tengo uno. (I just have got one)(See it?)Ok, here we have other examples:"Tengo tres manzanas" (I have got three apples)As you can see, the order of verb and complements in both sentences (Spanish and English) is very similar. And… good news! Apart from number "uno", Spanish numbers make no difference between masculine and feminine nouns. So, you can say:"La casa tiene cuatro habitaciones" (The house has four rooms)(The word "habitación" is masculine)or:"Tienes cuatro hermanas" (You have four sisters)(The word "hermana" is feminine)§ Grammar Point:What's the difference between "habitación" and "habitaciones"?The difference is just that the first word is singular and the second plural. And here comes the rule:- In Spanish, any word ending with "-ón" makes the plural in "-ones". Remember? Camión - Camiones (Van)
Numbers: 11 to 20
11: once12: doce13: trece14: catorce15: quince16: dieciséis17: diecisiete18: dieciocho19: diecinueve20: veinteNote than numbers 16 (dieciséis), 17 (diecisiete), 18 (dieciocho) and 19 (diecinueve) are "contracted" words:16 = diez y seis -> dieciséis17 = diez y siete -> diecisiete18 = diez y ocho -> dieciocho19 = diez y nueve -> diecinueve(where the word "y" means "and")This first 20 numbers could be the most complicated, as 30, 40, 50, etc… follow rules which may be easier to remember....
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