What was the Bauhaus and what was its purpose?
The Bauhaus was a school of art, architecture and design that existed in three German cities including Weimar, Dessau, and Berlin. The school was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 and it lasted until 1933. During its time, Bauhaus went through different distinct periods under different directors and cities including expressionism, constructivism, functionalism and architecture. The Bauhaus was the start of modernism, at the same time, it changed the face of graphic design, interior design, art and architecture. The Bauhaus’s life was limited because of the political world but Bauhaus continued to have its influence all over the globe even after it dissolved. The most influential architects and designers of modern age come from the Bauhaus and that’s the reason the Bauhaus continues to influence us today as elements of its period are still visible in many modern environments.
Art in the second half of the nineteenth century had been dominated by historicism and the foundation of the Bauhaus was the climax of the reaction against it. On March 20 of 1919, the Art Academy of the Grand Duchy of Saxony changed its name to Staaliches Bauhaus Weimer and a month later, Walter Gropius was appointed director. Bauhaus existed in Weimer from1919 to 1924 under Gropius. This time period was dominated by Expressionism and was also the most exciting period. The experiments made during this period eventually formed the basis for the teaching program, which gradually evolved into a firmer pattern. Most of the painters attached to Bauhaus came from mature Experssionism: Lyonel Deininger, Johannes Itten, Georg Muche, Oskar Schlemmer, Paul Klee, Lothar Schreyer, Wassily Kandinsky, and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. The citizens of Weimar, who had supported the Nazis from an early stage, made sure that Weimar Bauhaus was dissolved. The 1924 elections brought to power Thuringia, a right-wing coalition of nationalist parties. With the funding...
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