What is the meaning of science?
In my view, ‘Science’ is a word that contains professional knowledge and seeks the truth persistently inside. Science is in a professional way to explain the nature and phenomena. Moreover, science is ongoing because of the world and human development. New investigation is always been hosted by a new question is appeared. During the expansion of make a thorough inquiry in science, human can gain knowledge and experience to improve their life. However, sciences can be sorting out to different branches particularity, like formal sciences, physical sciences, life sciences, social sciences and applied sciences etc. The people who engage in ‘Science’ called ‘Scientists’. Normally, scientists use some systematic and accurate methods to interpret facts and knowledge with calculation, observation, explanation and prediction. During the experiment, there may be some trial and error happened but the scientists can still go through. There are some remarkable examples those scientists who explore and discover some theories or reach some achievements which are always a legendary and the best interpretation in their scopes as before until now. Sir Isaac Newton, one of the most influential scientists in the world till now. Furthermore, he was an English physicist and mathematician regards as a miracle that the theories he ever found out. The law of universal gravitation and the law of motion that mentioned by Newton are still phenomenal in providing proper logic and a boost to future generation or scientists to help them in study of universe and mechanic or further application. This is a good example for us to know that ‘Science’ is always surrounding just like what Newton’s found. What are the major components of the scientific method?
There are some major components of the scientific method may included to help the scientists to solve problem with their profession. First, we need to set a research question to let the people know what kind of problems that the scientists want to understand and solve. Second, Hypothesis and prediction should be set up. Hypothesis is a ‘professional guess’ that created by the theoretical explanations of the scientists. Then, prediction can be also set up which is related to the theory of the scientists. For example, like Einstein's equivalence principle etc. Third, they should frame an experiment or testing carefully to test their hypothesis or assumption. Moreover, the experiment should include some elements being shown as below. Variables, control, observation, collect data, journal, data, chart and graphs which are the main elements may affect the experiment directly. Forth, list out the material (supplies and equipment) being used in the experiment to ensure the experiment can go on smoothly. Fifth, they should record down the procedure to observe the variation of the experiment. Then, they can write down the results, conclusion and analysis to explain what they have seen or solved in this experiment. If there is something (technology or application) can be used or learned at the end of the experiment, they can invent something new or talk with their experience. What are the goals of using scientific method?
The scientific method is a logical and rational order of steps by which scientists come to conclusions about the world and the phenomena around them. The scientific method helps to organize thoughts and procedures so that scientists can be confident in their answers they have found. Scientists use observations, hypothesis and comparison against the hypothesis to make these conclusions carefully. In the process, intelligence and patience may be required as the characteristic of the scientists. To what extent do social scientists comply with the scientific principles in explaining human behaviours and decisions? The scientific method using in the social science is called ‘case studies’ which are a common method among the social scientists. Case studies can...
References: Giorgi, A., (2006) Difficulties encountered in the Application of the Phenomenological Method in the Social Sciences, Análise Psicológica
Osborne, T., & Rose, N., (1999) Do the Social Science Create Phenomena? The Example of Public Opinion Research, British Journal of Sociology, 1999, 50(3).
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