What is the importance of Criminal Profiling?

Topics: Offender profiling, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Law enforcement agency Pages: 9 (1311 words) Published: September 22, 2014
What is the importance of Criminal Profiling?

By Tiffany Collier

Criminal Profiling is a great way to try to understand the suspect as a person. It is necessary to learn who the individual is in order to track and locate them. The person’s information is vital to an investigation. Things such as habits, history of violence, family, education, schedules/routines, and personality traits just to name a few. This new development of investigating is helpful in obtaining fugitives quicker. Law enforcement is trying to be more successful by encouraging change. Keeping up with criminal minds is good way to stay ahead of their criminal intentions.

Criminal Profiling is also known as Criminal Investigative Analysis is a tool used by law enforcement which consists of analyzing the crime scene and using the information to determine the identity of the perpetrator. Criminal Profiling identifies the perpetrator or an unknown subject of the crime based on an analysis of the nature of the crime and manner in which it was committed. By analyzing information at the crime scene, law enforcement agencies are able to create a profile of relevant information that is useful. A criminal profile may include physical attributes such as: sex, age, ethnic backyard, height and weight. They also are able to find personality attributes such as: psychological diseases, self-esteem, tendencies, remorse or guilt and aggressiveness. Using these techniques allows law enforcement to be more efficient and productive. Law enforcement can solve a variety of crimes including homicide, sexual assault, extortion and kidnapping. While fire settings, lust/mutilation murders, rape and occult crimes are considered to be most suitable for profiling. [Thompson]
The origins of criminal profiling can be traced back to the early 1800s, Jacob Fries, Cesare Lombroso, Alphonse Bertiollon, Hans Gross, Ernest Kretschmer and others. All made small contributions to the present day field. [1]

Profiles are generated by profilers that have been through college and they may even have a perceptive way about them. When I think of criminal profiling my first thought is a puzzle. Putting the pieces they have in front of them together or analyzing every inch of the crime scene in order not to miss any crucial piece of evidence. Evidence at a crime scene can be has small as a hair or fiber from clothing.

History of this profession may have originated with a profile created by Dr. James A. Brussel. He was called in to consult on a case involving a series of events that took place in New York. In November of 1940 a pipe bomb was found at Consolidated Edison, which opened a case that spanned sixteen years and involved more than thirty hidden bombs. When Brussel was asked to assist, he created a profile that eventually led to the arrest of the criminal. Advancement of the profession occurred in 1972 when the Federal Bureau of Investigation created the Behavioral Science Unit (BSU). [Simon]
There is no mandatory educational requirement for a criminal profiler. Individuals interested in this career might begin with an undergraduate degree in criminology, criminal justice, forensics or psychology. The FBI has made it known that there is no direct career path and no profiling position per se. Agents who perform this type of work are assigned to the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC). Their jobs involve creating profiles and providing case management consulting to other law enforcement agencies. Advanced degrees that fall in the preferred qualifications category for the type of work are considered to be in behavioral or forensic science. Criminal profiling begins with an in-depth study of crime. Profilers typically need a college degree and specialized training. Profilers work crime cases by analyzing data, subsequently identifying a connecting link...

Cited: Page 2: pshamendments.wikispaces.com/amendment+11+(Ulises+Covarrubias)
Page 3: cte.roaneschools.com
Page 4: intropsych.mcmaster.ca/psych3cc3/lectures/profile-1.html
Page 5: thebioengineers.blogspot.com/2012/12/dermaglyphs.html
Page 8: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/115493673/Typological-offender-profiling-(slides)
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