What is philosophy according to Socrates? Philosophy is an academic subject that exercises reason and logic in an attempt to understand reality and answer fundamental questions about knowledge, life, morality, virtue, and human nature. The original word for philosophy comes from the ancient Greek word philosopha, which means love of wisdom. Although Socrates himself never claimed to have any answers to the questions he raised, his views and methods of philosophy became the foundations of what philosophy is today. Socrates actually wrote nothing, because he felt that knowledge was something to be gained by living and interacting in the world. So most of what we do know about Socrates comes from the writings of another very important person in Greek history, Plato. Socrates’ philosophy was based on pursuit of truth through the questioning of beliefs, virtue being defined as knowledge and talking about the elements that make up a good life. Greek philosophy before Socrates is called Pre-Socratic philosophy and the origin of western philosophy can be found early Greek thinkers of the 6th and 7th century BC. The Pre-Socratic philosophers were called physiologoi; physical or natural philosophers and they lived and taught in Asia Minor, Thrace, Sicily and south Italy. The Pre-Socratic philosophy is a philosophy of nature. The Pre-Socratic combined Greek mythology with rational thinking and sought all the forces which compose nature. Socrates grew up in the atmosphere of the Pre-Socratic thought and explored their knowledge and wisdom. Socrates gave philosophy for the first time an anthropocentric character. The absence of this element in previous thought is the main reason the adjective 'Pre-Socratic' is attributed to the philosophers before Socrates. The central question of the Pre-Socratic philosophy was: what is the nature of cosmos? Based on this question, the Pre-Socratic explored the primary substance (arche) of cosmos, as well as all those cosmic forces on
SOCRATES THE PHILOSOPHER Socrates is a noteworthy and important historical figure as a philosopher, because of his and his pupils' influence on the development of the philosophical world. His teachings, famous arguments, and ideas began the outgrowth of all later western philosophies. Born in 469 BC just outside of Athens, Socrates was brought up properly, and thoroughly educated. He was raised as most Athenians; developing both physical and mental strengths. Socrates then went on to….
According to Socrates a just city where most of the population is virtuous, because a just city is based on the virtues of wisdom, moderation, and courage. The reason the city came into existence was for justice, not pleasure and happiness. Wisdom and good judgment are based upon knowledge. Also, Socrates examines the effect of wealth on craftsmen, and states that if a potter gets rich, he will not be concerned for his craft and will become lazy and a bad potter; unless he remains poor, then he wont….
writing, natural philosophy – is concerned with observing, collecting and analyzing natural phenomena in order to form a collective body of knowledge that defines, explains and attempts to predict the respective phenomenon being studied. Although science, at least in its contemporary definition, did not begin until sometime during the fifteenth century AD1, the intricacies that form its core have technically been occurring since arrival of Homo sapiens on the planet. Prior to 1543, in what is now referred….
Some of us have felt love, and some of us have been in love. But
no one ever seems to question what love is, as if it is something that just plainly is.
People tend to just go with it, and think that what they are feeling is really
complete and substantial love. In Plato's The Symposium, the reader is confronted
with some very different views of love as brought to us by Agathon, Phaedrus and
Socrates, to name a few. Each man at the dinner party has a different point of
view on the issue of love….
What is Philosophy?
Philosophy often appears to be one long debate regarding what it means to be human, what it even means to be. Does an individual become human or is that individual only that individual? How does being differ from to be? The fundamental capacity to understand the world outside the world of the individual and his or her internal world includes the ability to interpret, characterize, and associate what seems to be singular things or, at least, singular groups of things.
I. Short Answers
1. Plato uses the forms to discuss almost everything. Forms are general concepts that are used to classify different physical concepts. The forms are non physical, mental concepts. Plato utilizes the forms to prove mind-body dualism. The forms are real things, they exist, and are considered to be more real than physical things. It refers to things that are eternal, perfect, unchanging, and universal. The mind is also eternal, not the brain. Forms are concepts or ideas that help….
Socrates, Philosophy and the Good Life
Socrates' belief was that he was called on by the Gods to live his life examining others and himself. He believed the necessity of doing what one thinks is right even in the face of universal opposition, and the need to pursue knowledge even when opposed. "I became completely convinced, to the duty of leading the philosophical life by examining myself and others."¹ Socrates believed that to desert this idea was ridiculous and would make his life absurd….
Philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
The philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle had different points
of-view but they were also similar in some ways. For example, all three
philosophers had their own thoughts on the subject of justice and government.
Socrates belief on this matter was that democracy was an unwise form of
government. He thought that the electing of the people was unfair justice.
Plato had some of the same beliefs. He believed that government should only
Socrates believed in dualism. This means that he believed in both the body and a soul. He believed that when a person dies their soul separates from their body. Socrates was cheerful when he approached his death because he believed that as a philosopher he has been preparing for his death for his whole life. Philosophy, according to Socrates, is a lifetime of devotion “to a cultivation of the soul and mind- a meletei nekron, a “getting oneself ready for death.”” This means that during our lifetime….
“The Self” According to Indian Philosophy
After completing the readings in this Indian Philosophy course I have come to realize that it is all centered, built upon and around the idea of “the self”. It is bent on teaching those who choose to study Indian Philosophy or achieve the status of Brahman or finally become a Buddhist all the components of the self. Whether it is physical or none physical components it all leads to the idea of coming into fruition with the self. To truly know who you are….