Preview

What Is Myasthenia Gravis?

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
312 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
What Is Myasthenia Gravis?
Overview

Myasthenia gravis is a rare condition resulting in the rapid weakness of any group of muscles that are under voluntary control. It is caused by a communication breakdown between the nerves and the muscles, usually due to the abnormal production of antibodies, and it tends to worsen as the muscle is used more frequently. While weakness will usually improve with a bit of rest, the condition itself will progress over a period of time, with symptoms being at their worst a few years after the disease first appears.

Myasthenia gravis can impact any group of muscles, but some are more commonly affected than others. Most cases see symptoms appearing in the muscles of the eyes, face, throat, limbs, and neck. If left untreated, the disorder

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Myasthenia Gravis

    • 1358 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Myasthenia gravis is a chronic, progressive neuromuscular, autoimmune disease marked by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body. The body’s immune system attacks and destroys receptors in the muscles. These receptors bind acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter released from motor neurons. (Turkington & Harris, 2009) The main calling card of myasthenia gravis is muscle weakness that increases during periods of activity and improves after periods of rest. Muscles that control eye and eyelid movements, facial expression, chewing, talking, and swallowing are often, but not always, involved. The muscles that control breathing and neck and limb movements may also be affected. (Beers, 2003)…

    • 1358 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    As you may know, Muscular Dystrophy is a disorder that weakens a person's muscle. More than 50,000 people are diagnosed with that kind of disorder. They usually come from the…

    • 552 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Anatomy Case paper

    • 2241 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Muscular Dystrophy: is a group of inherited disorders that involve muscle weakness and muscle loss gradually decline over a period of time.…

    • 2241 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Fibromyalgia

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Recent studies show that this syndrome may be associated with changing craniofacial and skeletal muscle metabolism, such as blood flow, which causes the chronic fatigue and severe weakness. Another hypothesis is that an infectious trauma to…

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    unit 15 study guide

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages

    lack of oxygen in the bloodstream which would cause muscle crams and lactic acid buildup or multiple sclerosis which has all of the symptoms expressed.…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Muscular Dystrophy Essay

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Muscular Dystrophy is a disorder that is passed down through families, and can occur in both adulthood, and childhood. There are multiple types of Muscular Dystrophy such as Becker MD, Duchenne MD(deadly), Emery-Deifuss MD, Facioscapulohumeral MD, Limb-Girdle MD, Myotonia MD, Mytonic MD etc.. Symptoms related to muscular dystrophy inlcue muscle weakness(slowly gets worse over time), delayed development to muscle motor skills, loss of strength in a muslce/group of muscles, loss in muscle size, difficulty of using more than one muscle group, and possible mental retardation(only present in some cases of muscular dystrophy). In some cases, it is even known to cause scoliosis.…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Essay On Myositis

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The symptoms of myositis can be muscle pain and weakness in body. When your body is in pain due to myositis it’s called (Myalgia’s) and this may or may not appear during the experience…

    • 445 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Fibromyalgia – This condition causes individuals to have aching muscles all over often leaving them in quite a lot of pain, and many fatigued by the simplest of movements.…

    • 2249 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Muscular atrophy happens when the blood supply and amount of muscle fibers decreases which can cause the muscle to deteriorate. It can be cause by either disorders, lack of use, or injury. If there is an injury to the nerves that make the muscles move, then they will eventually deteriorate just as they would if a person stopped using their muscles as much. Lack of exercise, poor nutrition, nervous system problems, and disabilities can all cause muscular atrophy.…

    • 464 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Based on the description and symptoms given, the likely diagnosis would be Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, or DMD; although DMD and its symptoms tend to show up at an earlier age but not always. This type of muscular dystrophy is the most common and severe form of the dystrophinopathic diseases. Dystrophinopathic diseases are muscular dystrophies that are of a genetic nature caused by a deficiency in the protein dystrophin. This protein is vital to muscle function and contraction. In the case of DMD, there is a mutation in the gene, called the DMD gene, responsible for producing dystrophin causing a deficiency. This gene mutation is X-linked recessive and is inherited. This means that females in the family carry the gene mutation and can pass is on to their offspring male or female, but it is expressed in the males.…

    • 534 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Often, weakness is first felt in the shoulder and leg muscles. Weakness gets worse over time and eventually becomes…

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a term that applies to a group of hereditary muscle-destroying disorders. According to the Muscular Dystrophy Association, in 2006 some type of MD affected approximately one million Americans. Each type of the disease is caused by defects in the genes that play important roles in the growth and development of muscles. In MD the proteins produced by the faulty genes are abnormal, causing the muscles to slowly disintegrate. Unable to function properly, the muscle cells die and are replaced by fat and connective tissue. The symptoms of MD may not be noticed until as much as 50% of the muscle tissue has been affected. All of the different types of MD cause weakening and wasting of muscle tissues. They vary, however, in the usual age at the beginning of symptoms, rate of progression, and initial group of muscles affected. The most common childhood type, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, affects young boys, who show symptoms in early childhood and usually die from respiratory weakness or damage to the heart before becoming an adult. The gene is passed from the mother to her children. Females who inherit the defective gene generally do not have symptoms, they simply become carriers of the defective genes, and their children have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease. Other forms of MD become apparent later in life and are usually not fatal.…

    • 302 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    14. Myasthenia gravis--muscle weakness that occurs mostly in the throat and face as results from the deficits of the nerve impulses conducting at the myoneural junction. Pancuronium and succinylcholine are neromuscular agents that should be used with caution because of the chance of prolonging recovery.…

    • 3441 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Many people may have the question, what is Myasthenia Gravis? Well, Myasthenia Gravis is a disorder that is caused by an abnormal defect in the transmission of nerves to the muscle. In Latin and Greek this is translated into “grave muscle weakness” although this disorder does not lead to the grave but the total opposite of that. This means that the communication between the nerves are not connecting nor working as they should be. (Myasthenia Gravis Fact Sheet. (2010 September, 1)) (Retrieved February 9, 2016). This disorder is a is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease which is or relating to a disease caused by antibodies in the nerves and muscles. Nerve signals have to go back and forth…

    • 867 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    What Is Progeria?

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The disease was named after the scientists who discovered the disease in 1886, Dr. Jonathon Hutchinson and Dr. Hastings Gilford. Progeria occurs in 1 out of 4-8 million newborns. The name comes from the Greek word “Progeria”, which means “prematurely old”. This syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition, which means the gene has to be inherited from only one parent for the child to be affected.…

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays