What Is Literature Review?

Topics: Research, Scientific method, Academic publishing Pages: 13 (3710 words) Published: April 3, 2013

4. What is literature review? Discuss in not less than 2000 words Introduction: as a general rule, researchers should first investigate previous research to see whether or not others may have already addressed similar research problems and must acquaint themselves with the relevant literature. Literature review is used to help the researcher link concepts from other sources to his or her research, a good literature review require a balance. A literature review often forms part of a larger research project, such as within a thesis (or major research paper), or it may be an independent written work, such as a synthesis paper. While it should the format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. Literature Review: Provides an overview and a critical evaluation of a body of literature relating to a research topic or a research problem, analyzes a body of literature in order to classify it by themes or categories, rather than simply discussing individual works one after another; presents the research and ideas of the field rather than each individual work or author by itself. 2. . Literature Review shows what previous researchers have discovered. It is usually quite long and primarily depends upon how much research has previously been done in the area you are planning to investigate. If researcher is planning to explore a relatively new area, the literature review should cite similar areas of study or studies that lead up to the current research. (Paris Graduate School of Management (guidelines and strategies for proposal and thesis completion)

3. According to (William Zikmund © South Western Cengage Learning 2010) literature review is a direct search of published works, including periodicals and books, that discuses theory and presents empirical results that are relevant to the topic at hand.

4. According to Cooper (1988) a literature review uses as its database reports of primary or original scholarship, and does not report new primary scholarship itself.  The primary reports used in the literature may be verbal, but in the vast majority of cases reports are written documents. The types of scholarship may be empirical, theoretical, critical/analytic, or methodological in nature. Second a literature review seeks to describe, summarise, evaluate, clarify and/or integrate the content of primary reports

5. The review of relevant literature is nearly always a standard chapter of a thesis or dissertation. The review forms an important chapter in a thesis where its purpose is to provide the background to and justification for the research undertaken (Bruce 1994). Bruce, who has published widely on the topic of the literature review, has identified six elements of a literature review. These elements comprise a list; a search; a survey; a vehicle for learning; a research facilitator; and a report (Bruce 1994)

6. From http://www.library.cqu.edu.au/tutorials/litreviewpages/) A literature review is an evaluative report of studies found in the literature related to your selected area. The review should describe, summarize, evaluate and clarify this literature. It should give a theoretical basis for the research and help researchers determine the nature of their own research. Select a limited number of works that are central to their area rather than trying to collect a large number of works that are not as closely connected to researcher’s topic area.

7. According to Toronto University Literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Literature review more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. In writing the literature review, researcher’s purpose is to convey to his/her readers what knowledge and ideas have been...
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