What Is Introversion?

Topics: Personality psychology, Extraversion and introversion, Psychology Pages: 3 (826 words) Published: September 16, 2011
So many things to do, so little time to do it. For me, the best solution would be to go in a room, by myself, and work until everything is done. For others, it might mean working as a group. There are a lot of things that I would like to change about myself, but the most important aspect would be that I'm an introvert. What is introversion? Introversion, the most common term, means quiet, reserved, thoughtful, and self-reliant and who tend to prefer solitary work and leisure activities. Webster's dictionary defines introversion as "the state or tendency toward being wholly or predominantly concerned with and interested in one's own mental life".

Carl Jung is credited as the first psychologist to use the words introvert and extravert. Recently, Hans Eysenck has popularized the words. Eysenck believed that the words are biological basis. Eysenck also believed that it was rooted in differences in sensitivity to physical and emotional stimulation. Eysenck said that introverts were more sensitive to cortical arousal, which regulates attention and alertness, and are more likely to be overwhelmed by external stimuli.

Eysenck came up with some personality types combining introverts and extraverts with degrees of emotionality and stability. He said that there were four temperaments, which were first delineated by Hippocrates. The first is Melancholic, which combines emotional and introverts. The second is Phlegmatic, which combines stability and introverts. The third is Choleric, which combines emotional and extraverts. The last one is Sanguine, which combines stability and extraverts.

Introversion and extraversion are both observable in early childhood. Introversion in a child may be that they are able to entertain themselves alone for extended periods of time. Some children may have only one or a few best friends rather than a social group. These children, like many adults, "look before they leap". This means that they think things out rationally before...
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