What is discrimination? How is discrimination different from prejudice and stereotyping?
Discrimination is the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons. (Racial and Ethnic Groups - Chp. 3,pg.61) Discrimination is different from prejudice in the following ways. Prejudice depends upon how a person thinks and feels about a certain group of people. Discrimination is actually acting upon those thoughts and feelings to deny people their equal rights. Stereotypes are unreliable, exaggerated generalizations about all members of a group that do not take individual differences into account. Discrimination is different than Stereotyping because you do not openly deny their opportunites and equal rights by making these generalizations. (Racial and Ethnic Groups- Chp. 2, pgs.33,40)
What are the causes of discrimination?
Discrimination has many causes. People are afraid of things that are different. People of a different color, race, sexual orientation, or religion become targets for this fear. I read a few statements in one of the books in the library that I feel fits this question. “The key to understanding the social function of discrimination is marginalization. Although anyone can become a victim of discriminatory practices, ultimately the essence of discrimination lies in power and privilege. Socially marginalized groups in society tend to be the most likely targets of discriminatory practices.” “(Parrillo VN. Discrimination. Encyclopedia of social problems. Sage Publications, Inc; 2008-01-01:242-245.
p. 243 ↓) Discrimination occurs on two levels: institutional and individual. On the institutional level, discriminatory practices are embedded in the social structures of a society, whereas on the individual level, discrimination takes place during