1.) What is Biology?
Biology is the science of life. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms. There are generally considered to be at least nine “umbrella” fields of biology, each of which consists of multiple subfields. 2.) What are the branches of Biology? Describe each.
Biochemistry: the study of the material substances that make up living things Botany: the study of plants, including agriculture
Cellular biology: the study of the basic cellular units of living things Ecology: the study of how organisms interact with their environment Evolutionary biology: the study of the origins and changes in the diversity of life over time Genetics: the study of heredity
Molecular biology: the study of biological molecules
Physiology: the study of the functions of organisms and their parts Zoology: the study of animals, including animal behaviour
3.) What is scientific method? List down the steps of scientific method. When conducting research, scientists observe the scientific method to collect measurable, empirical evidence in an experiment related to a hypothesis (often in the form of an if/then statement), the results aiming to support or contradict a theory.
The steps of the scientific method go something like this:
Make an observation or observations.
Ask questions about the observations and gather information. Form a hypothesis — a tentative description of what’s been observed, and make predictions based on that hypothesis. Test the hypothesis and predictions in an experiment that can be reproduced. Analyze the data and draw conclusions; accept or reject the hypothesis or modify the hypothesis if necessary. Reproduce the experiment until there are no discrepancies between observations and theory. Some key underpinnings to the scientific method:
The hypothesis must be testable and falsifiable.
Research must involve deductive reasoning, not inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is the...
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