What Is 3.4 Inclusion And Inclusion Proposal

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3.4 POPULATION AND SAMPLING METHOD
According to Polit and Beck (2006:258), a population is “the total number of people or elements that fit the specific set specifications of the study. This is also known as the target population. The criteria for inclusion or exclusion should be clearly stated.” In this study, the target population was staff, board of directors, volunteers and beneficiaries of the Youth Dream Centre Sierra Leone in the Lumley community Western Urban Area of Freetown.

3.4.1 Inclusion criteria
Inclusion criteria are “the characteristics that the respondents must have in order to be included in the study” (Burns & Grove 2001:367). The respondents included in this study were all members of the Youth Dream Centre Sierra Leone and were willing to be interviewed by the researcher.
3.4.2 Exclusion criteria
Exclusion criteria are “the characteristics that the respondents lack in order not to be included in the study” (Burns & Grove 2001:367). In this study the respondents not willing to participate in the study were excluded from the study.
3.5 SAMPLING
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The advantage of selecting a sample is that it is less costly and time saving than collecting information from a large group of respondents. The selected sample should therefore, have similar characteristics to the population under study to allow generalizability of the results to represent the population (Burns & Grove 2001:365; Polit & Beck 2006:259). These are two types of sampling, namely probability and non-probability sampling (Burns & Grove 2001:374, Polit & Beck 2006:260). In this study both probability and non-probability sampling was used. The location was selected using probability sampling and the respondents were selected using non-probability

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