In the 1980s, Colombia achieved international notoriety as a centre for the trafficking of illicit drugs. The industry has influenced Colombia’s development and as a result the entire political and societal structure of Colombia has been affected by its vast drug problem. As Francisco Thoumi summarised, “illegal drug and trafficking have marked the past thirty years of Colombia’s history; contributing greatly to the changes in institutions and values, and becoming a major element in the country’s policy.” .
This essay will primarily postulate Thoumi’s argument- that the extent to which illicit drugs (in this essay we will concentrate on the cocaine industry) in Colombia have affected politics and society ranges wide in scope, and has affected the country in several ways:
2a Undermining the authority of the Colombian Government through funding Guerrilla and Paramilitary groups and the Social Consequences of these groups
3a Corruption of Politicians
4a Political relations with the USA
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