WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CONFLİCTS BETWEEN VİRTUES AND UTİLİTARİANİSM ?
Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined solely by its usefulness in maximizing utility. On the other hand, utility can be defined as pleasure, preference satisfaction, knowledge. Virtue is a pattern of thought an behavior based on high moral standards. Virtues can be placed into a broader context of values.Each individual has a core of underlying values that contribute to his or her system of bleifs, ideas and opinions.These two concepts which are virtue and utilitarianism are debated and change person to person. The means justify the ends ? the ends justify means ?
In the first place, according to Philippa Foot text whose name is Virtues and Utilitarianism , utility encourges people to do the wrong thing ‘’ if right action is taken to be that which producers good states of affairs,whatever these are supposed to be ; and then utilitirianism becomes synonymous with consequentialism’’(Foot, 1979, p.179). For instance, we can give an example from Bernard Williams text whose name is Jim and İndians. Jim finds himself in the central of Small South American town where 20 İndians are arrested by armed man in uniform. ThenCaptain of army comes near of Jim and says that my soldier will kill these İndians but you can save them
There are teo alternatives, you will kill one of İndians with yourself and you save 19
İndians and they will be free to go. This situation is the most difficult question. Many of
people will choice to kill ones that is to say, people...
Utilitarianism: For and againts, CUP, Cambridge, 1973
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