WHAP Chapter14 Cornell Notes

Topics: Genghis Khan, Mongol Empire, Yuan Dynasty Pages: 3 (663 words) Published: November 17, 2014
Chapter 14
The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur

I. The Mongol Empire of Chinggis Khan
A. The Making of a Great Warrior: The Early Career of Chinggis Khan
1. Born Temujin to tribal leader, but father poisoned
2. Imprisoned by rival clan, but escapes
a. Makes alliance with another clan
3. Reputation as warrior/military commander attracted other clan chiefs B. Building the Mongol War Machine
1. Natural warriors
2. Chinggis Khan’s leadership
a. organization, discipline, unity
b. directed fighting spirit toward conquest
c. divided groups into tumens
3. Messenger force – tightly bandages – ride all day/night
4. Military discipline – killed if flee
5. New weapons – flaming arrows, gunpowder, siege weapons C. Conquest: The Mongol Empire Under Chinggis Khan
1. Ruled over ½ million Mongols
2. Greatest pleasure making war – campaigns
D. First Assault on the Islamic World: Conquest in China
1. Defeated Turkik ruler to the west – Muhammad Shah II
2. Battle tactic
a. Fight - cavalry runs away - followed by other army - heavy cavalry moves in
3. Defeated Muhammad Shah II and brought in tens of thousands of horsemen E. Life Under the Mongol Imperium
1. Astute and tolerant rulers
a. Open to new ideas
b. Wanted diverse peoples to live together in peace\
3. New capital at Karakorum – wise and clever visited as envoys
4. All religions tolerated
F. The Death of Chinggis Khan and the Division of the Empire
1. 180,000 warriors to conquer China
2. But…got sick and died in 1227
3. Mongol successor Ogedei – third son – named grand khan
a. Not best warrior, but best diplomat

II. The Mongol Drive to the West
A. Introduction
1. Golden Horde/Tartars (people from hell) – golden tent of early khans a. Assault on Russia side campaign
b. Main goals
1. fine tune war machine
2. get some money from booty
2. Russia divided into small kingdoms – don’t unite...
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