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Wgu Biochemistry Task 1

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Wgu Biochemistry Task 1
Biochemistry
Western Governors University

A: Fats are made up fatty acids and a glycerol. They are stored in cells known as adipocytes throughout the body. When the body needs energy the stored fats are broken down through the process of metabolism and beta oxidation (Livestrong.com, n.d.). For example, triacylglyceride or triglyceride are broken down into their separate parts, fatty acid chains and a glycerol. The body will always metabolize the glycerol first because it is easier to break down for energy but it does not produce the same long lasting energy effects that the fatty acid chains create. The fatty acid chains are broken down into 2 carbon pieces each, which then form acetyl CoA. Acetyl CoA can then enter
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For Example, eating a salad with fat free salad dressing inhibits absorption of phytonutrients and vitamins from the greens and vegetables. This happens because many nutrients are fat soluble especially vitamins A, D, E, and K, which our bodies need for numerous bodily functions. Essential fatty acids are vitally important for muscle conduction, nerve impulses, and brain health but our bodies do not make these fatty acids on their own we have to consume them through our diet. The two major essential fatty acids or EFA’s are omega 3 and omega 6. The typical modern diet is far too abundant in omega 6 and not so much in omega 3. If this happens the omega 6 chain will inhibit metabolism of the omega 3 chain which can cause poor brain function and health conditions such as: headaches, depression, cardiovascular disease and cancer. In comparison, if the diet is high in omega 3’s and low in omega 6’s, there is a decrease in health conditions and a preventative to those diseases. Taking an omega 3 supplement such as fish oil will help counter act an excess of omega 6 in the body. (An Introduction,

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