Marta Dziak – Western Civilization paper
A numerous amount of revolutions have taken place throughout the storied history on earth, ranging from the unremarkable and forgettable, to the famous and extravagant such as the English and American Revolutions. As we study American history, we can see that on many counts, the phrase “history repeats itself”, reveals much truth. Both the English Civil War and the American Revolution consist of similarities, whether general or specific. Many of the events triggering the specific wars and the weaponry involved in battle, share a correlation with one another. Both wars were triggered due to a disagreement on both political and economical aspects, and even though they didn’t take place immediately following one another, they used similar weapons. No two wars are the same, and analyzing each one allows for the discovery of new ideas from the time; but when you look into them, it is visible to the eye that each one shares a connecting point with another.
The history of Western Europe is full of violent uprisings that pitted a religious, or political group against the prevailing government of the day. The civil war that occurred from 1642 to 1649 in England was unique in that it pitted a monarch and his representative assembly against one another for the first time ever. (http://www.britannica.com) Even more shockingly, the English Civil War terminated in the first ever trial and execution of a sitting monarch. The English Civil War was a highly complex conflict, one which cannot be pinned on a single cause alone. It was caused by a combination of long term and short-term factors. Some of these causes were political, other were more economic and religious. One of the major influences of the outbreak of the civil war was religion. The religious quarrels began right at the start of Charles’ reign, when he married Henrietta Maria, a French Catholic. (http://www.britannica.com) This was looked down upon by much of the public, especially the Puritans. The church also underwent many changes, most of which were the spitting image of Catholicism. (http://www.bbc.co.uk) Another factor in the outbreak of the civil war was foreign affairs. With the thirty years war going on and catholic rulers attempting to wipe out the protestants in their country, people fears in England were fueled in association with something similar happening in England. Finally, the saying “money is the root of all evil” applies strongly as a backbone of the Civil War. A short term cause that Charles made was he desperate need for more money, which led to him instilling taxes on various goods and services, making the people angry and upset. (http://www.bbc.co.uk) Just like the English Civil War, the American Revolution sparked due to political, religious and economic conflicts, but what lay under those conflicts was much different in both wars. One of the religious causes of this Revolution was the Great Awakening, which revived religious feelings in America and challenged the authority of established churches. The Puritan and Anglican religions were losing its strength while the independent religions such as the Baptists and Methodists gained new members. (http://www.ushistory.org ) It de-emphasized the role of the church and allowed individuals to question Britain’s authority over their lives. Parliamentary taxation was a major factor prompting the American rebellion. (http://www.historycentral.com) In 1764, Great Britain placed a tax on sugar, molasses, silk, wine, coffee, and indigo in order to raise the tax revenue for the crown and pay back the debt of the Seven Years’ War. This Sugar Act enraged the Americans and they began to protest “no taxation without representation.” (http://www.historycentral.com) Britain passed a great deal of taxes afterwards, including the stamp act and the tea act, which all factored into their decisions to unite and rebel.
Even though both wars were fought during different time...
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