Were the Crusades caused primarily by religious devotion or by the desire for political and economic gain?

Topics: Knights Templar, Crusades, First Crusade Pages: 4 (1546 words) Published: October 19, 2014
Name______________________ Hr___________ Mr. Gerou Pre-IB World History Instructions: Read through the following sources and answer the questions that follow on a separate sheet of paper. At the end of the readings you will be able to use the sources to answer the focus question listed below.

Focus Question:
Were the Crusades caused primarily by religious devotion or by the desire for political and economic gain? Explain your answer and use sources and ideas to back up your answer.

Source 1: Pope Urban II, 1095

…."Although, O sons of God, you have promised more firmly than ever to keep the peace among yourselves and to preserve the rights of the church, there remains still an important work for you to do. Freshly quickened by the divine correction, you must apply the strength of your righteousness to another matter which concerns you as well as God. For your brethren {brothers} who live in the east are in urgent need of your help, and you must hasten to give them the aid which has often been promised them. For, as the most of you have heard, the Turks and Arabs have attacked them and have conquered the territory of Romania [the Greek empire] as far west as the shore of the Mediterranean and the Hellespont, which is called the Arm of St. George. They have occupied more and more of the lands of those Christians, and have overcome them in seven battles. They have killed and captured many, and have destroyed the churches and devastated the empire. If you permit them to continue thus for awhile with impurity {not pure}, the faithful of God will be much more widely attacked by them. On this account I, or rather the Lord, beseech you as Christ's heralds to publish this everywhere and to persuade all people of whatever rank, foot-soldiers and knights, poor and rich, to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile {disgusting} race from the lands of our friends... Moreover, Christ commands it.” All who die by the way, whether by land or...
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