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Powerful Essays
PSY 213 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

PSYCHOLOGY - the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

BEHAVIORISM - the study of overt (observable & measurable) behavior
COGNITIVISM - the study of mental processes (perception, thinking, memory, motivation, attitudes)

FOUR BIG IDEAS IN PSYCHOLOGY

CRITICAL THINKING - examines assumptions, uncovers hidden values, weighs evidence, tests conclusions

BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL APPROACH - a holistic approach which acknowledges the impact each domain of a person (biological, psychological, and social) has on the others

BIOPSYCHOLOGICALPERSPECTIVE (biological model) - attributes behavior to biological events

DUAL PROCESSING CAPACITY (two track mind) conscious and unconscious functioning of the brain in perception, memory, attitudes

EXPLORING HUMAN STRENGTHS - Psychology today focuses not only on understanding and offering relief from troublesome behaviors and emotions, but also on understanding and building beneficial emotions and traits as well as on using and developing our strengths to maximize our potential.

PRIMARY GOALS
Description – What is happening?
Understanding – Why is it happening?
Prediction – when will it happen again?
Control – How can it be changed?

STRUCTURALISM – focus on the study of the basic elements of the mind
FUNCTIONALISM – focus on how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY –focus on perception and sensation, perceiving patterns and “making whole”
PSYCHOANALYSIS – theory and therapy based upon the work of Sigmund Freud
BEHAVIORISM – focus on observable behavior

PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE – modern version of psychoanalysis, more focused on development Of a sense of self and motivations for behavior
BEHAVIORAL PERSPECTIVE – focus on overt behavior
HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE – emphasis on human potential
BIOPSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE – attributes behavior to biological events
COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE – focus on mental

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