The Welfare Reform Act
What is Medicaid? Medicaid is joint-state health insurance program that is coverage for the low-income families, senior citizens, and people with disabilities. (Leighton, Coughlin) 2010 On August 22, 1996 the Welfare Reform Act, and is officially called the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was fulfilled and signed by President William Clinton. (http://www.faqs.org/childhood/Th-W/Welfare-Reform-Act-1996.html) This was used to replace the federal program of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC), founded in 1935, that was part of the Social Security Act, and is now known as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). (http://www.faqs.org/childhood/Th-W/Welfare-Reform-Act-1996.html) In the year of 1995, there were 41 million people that were insured by Medicaid at the cost of $151 billion dollars. (Leighton, Coughlin) 2010 There were four principle changes made to Medicaid eligibility and were changed by the Welfare Reform Legislation. (Leighton, Coughlin) 2010 These changes were the decoupling of welfare and the Medicaid eligibility; making eligibility for disabled children in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program; terminating the access of Medicaid for some legal immigrants because they lose the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and from future immigrants, they are not eligible for Medicaid. (Leighton, Coughlin) 2010 The immigrants that have legally entered into the United States, after August 1996, will no longer qualify for Medicaid, but they are allowed to have Medicaid for emergency care and use, but only for the first five years that they have lived in the United States. (Leighton, Coughlin) 2010 There is a new federal block blocks to the states, and this is the center of the welfare reform law that is the replacement of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Those who were eligible for Aid to...
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