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The Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic was established in 1919, in replace of the imperial government in Germany. It immerged from the November Revolution (1918-1919). Opposing to the parliamentary system which is similar to the British, sailors, soldiers and workers raised up the rebellion. They elected councils modeled after the October Revolution in the Soviet Union. The workers’ exhaustion starts from far before the revolution. During the World War I, Germany made a lot of promissory notes in order to pay for the war. Military-industrial activity had almost ceased, although they kept unemployment at around one million. In addition, the allies permitted only low import levels of goods that most Germans could not afford, so after four years of war and famine, German workers were exhausted both physically and mentally. They began to hope for a new era. Weimar republic successfully fixed those problems including hyperinflation, political extremists and the controversial relationships with the victors of World War I. However, peaceful time didn’t last long. Between 1930 and 1933 the Great Depression worsen the deflation around the country. A lot of people lost their work. It finally led to the ascend of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler.

Max Beckmann

Max Beckmann was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor and writer. Although he was classified as an expressionist artist, he rejected it. He was associated with the New Objectivity in the 1920s. He is known for his self-portraits. During the Weimar Republic, he had great success and official honors. He received the Honorary Empire Prize for German Art and the Gold Medal of the City of Düsseldorf. However, with the rise of Adolf Hitler, his life was completely changed. He was called a “cultural Bolshevik”, and was dismissed from his teaching position at the Art School in Frankfurt. More than 500 of his works were confiscated from German museums and several of them were displayed in the notorious

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