Weimar Republic

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Why the Weimar Republic Failed
Mark A. Hoyert
Monmouth College

Why Did the Weimar Republic Fail?
Mark A. Hoyert, Monmouth College mhoyert@monm.edu Abstract: What led to the fall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler’s Third Reich continues to be an important question for students of history and politics. In this research project I will discuss how Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party were able to take power in Germany and replace the Weimar Republic. Much of the scholarship on the fall of Weimar Republic highlights the flaws with the German democratic government. I examine voting patterns and changing voter demographics and campaign strategies of the Nazi Party. I examine how a series of events led to the weakness of the Weimar Government and bolstered the appeal of the Nazi Party to the German people. I demonstrate that the political strategy employed by the Nazi Party was the decisive factor in the Nazis winning elections and eventually obtaining power.

What led to the fall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler’s Third Reich continues to be an important question for students of history and politics. In this research project I will discuss how Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party were able to take power in Germany and replace the Weimar Republic. Much of the scholarship on the fall of Weimar Republic highlights the flaws with the German democratic government. I examine how a series of events led to the weakness of the Weimar Government and bolstered the appeal of the Nazi Party to the German people. I examine voting patterns and changing voter demographics and campaign strategies of the Nazi Party. I demonstrate that the political strategy employed by the Nazi Party was the decisive factor in the Nazis winning elections and eventually obtaining power. Associationalism and participation in civil society is viewed as a strong



References: Abel, T. (1986). Why Hitler Came Into Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Allen, W. S. (1965). The Nazi Seizure of Power. Chicago: Quadrangle Books. Berman, S. (1997, April). Civil Society and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic. World Politics, 49(3), 401-429. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010. Collingwood, R. G. (1940, April). Facism and Nazism. Philosophy, 15(58), 168-176. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010. Eyck, E. (1962). A History of the Weimar Republic (H. P. Hanson & R. G. Waite, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Falter, J. W., & Zintl, R. (1988, Summer). The Economic Crisis of the 1930s and the Nazi Vote. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 19(1), 55-85. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010. Ferguson, T., & Voth, H.-J. (2008, February). Betting on Hitler--The Value of Political Connections in Nazi Germany. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(1), 101-137. Frey, B. S., & Weck, H. (1983). A Statistical Study of the Effect of the Great Depression on Elections: The Weimar Republic, 1930-1933 Hancock, M. D., & Krisch, H. (2009). Politics In Germany. Washington D.C.: CQ Press. Harkins, M. (2009, Spring). Hitler 's Rise to Power. Lecture presented at the class on the study of World War Two, Harper College, Palatine IL. Jablonsky, D. (1988, July). Rohm and Hitler: The Continuity of Political-Military Discord. Journal of Contemporary History, 23(3), 367-386. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010. Kershaw, I. (2004, April). Hitler and the Uniqueness of Nazism. Journal of Contemporary History, 39(2), 239-254. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010 Loomis, C Nyomarkay, J. (1967). Charisma and Factionalism in the Nazi Party. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Orlow, D. (1969). The History of the Nazi Party 1919-1933. United States: University of Pittsburgh Press. Pridham, G. (1973). Hitler 's Rise to Power. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers. Riel, A. V., & Schram, A. (1993, March). Weimar Economic Decline, Nazi Economic Recovery, and the Stabilization of Political Dictatorship. The Journal of Economic History, 53(1), 71-105. Retrieved from JSTOR, October 2, 2010. Snell, J. L. (1959). The Nazi Revolution: Germany 's Guilt or Germany 's Fate. Boston: D.C. Heath and Company. Strategic Investment Ltd. (n.d.). John Adams Quotes. Retrieved December 12, 2010, from http://www.american-presidents.com/john-adams/john-adams-quotes

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