Eth 125/Cultural Diversity
September 29, 2012
Instructor: Darlene Kembel Smook
In this paper, I will be writing about the African American racial group. The paper will be written from the perspective of a news reporter. Topics which will be covered in this paper include: experiences of this racial group throughout U.S. history; Political, social, and cultural issues and concerns of this group throughout U.S. history; legislation aimed at constraining race within prejudicial boundaries and how various groups fought the legislation; and legislation aimed at alleviating prejudicial boundaries and how various groups promoted this legislation. Experiences of this Racial Group throughout U.S. History
African Americans have been dealt a very tough deck of cards. If a person were to stop and think about it, they did start the American Dream as slaves, but then again I guess this was before there was even an America. During the 1600s, African Americans were forcibly brought over to the “New World” by the Dutch (Hammond 175). Slavery, however, did not totally expand until the 1600-to the mid-1700s. After the Civil War, African Americans’ were granted freedom; freedom being a supposed “40 acres and a mule.” I strongly doubt everyone got theirs. They freed a people, who all they knew, was slave labor. They were basically tossed to the wolves, and forced to find a way. As time progressed, they did.
The despairing conditions of African Americans in the post-slavery United States ignited the Great Migration of the early 20th century; which led to a movement to fight hostility, prejudice and discrimination against African Americans that (Civil Rights Act of 1866). The Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to 1968 was focused at eradicating racial discrimination against African Americans. African Americans marched in protest to put pressure on President Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson (Krochmal 925). The passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by President Johnson banned discrimination in public places, employment, and labor unions, and the Voting Rights Act, which extended federal authority to protect African American rights to vote (Civil Rights Act of 1866). By 1966, the rise of the Black Power movement, extended upon the goals of the Civil Rights Movement to include political, economic and freedom from white authority (Krochmal 927).
Some Political, Social, and Cultural Issues and Concerns
Throughout American History
African Americans faced some tough days politically, socially, and culturally as they evolved through American history. A few will be described below.
Political Issues and Concerns of African Americans
The relationship between African Americans and politics in the U.S. has been altered in the 40 years between the assassination of Martin Luther King and the election of President Obama. The passing of the Voting Rights Act in 1965 gave African Americans the power and right to vote.
Since the election of President Obama, there has been a multitude of racial anger. Since he is the first and only (so far) African American President, many have claimed it was his race that place him in office. However, voter census says otherwise.
Social Issues and Concerns of African Americans
School choice is a communication that is echoing within the African American community. Nearly half of African American parents would send their children to private or charter schools. Public schools in areas that are majority African American are underfunded and in areas in desperate need of a reduction in crime rate. Collapse of the structure family in the African-American community has been a persistent problem. High birth rates, fatherless new born babies, and the lack of a network of family support for many African Americans have led to many serious issues within the community. The consistency of these issues has built a prejudice against African American families as being...
References: Civil Rights Act of 1866. (2009). Civil Rights Act of 1866, 1
Hammond, J. (2012). Slavery, Settlement, and Empire. Journal Of The Early Republic, 32(2), 175-206.
KROCHMAL, M. (2010). An Unmistakably Working-Class Vision: Birmingham 's Foot Soldiers and Their Civil Rights Movement. Journal Of Southern History, 76(4), 923-960.
Alex-Assensoh, Y. M. (2009). African Immigrants and African-Americans: An Analysis of Voluntary African Immigration and the Evolution of Black Ethnic Politics in America. African & Asian Studies, 8(1/2), 89-124.
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