week one answers workbook

Topics: Vaccination, Chickenpox, Public health Pages: 6 (1370 words) Published: April 27, 2014
The Chicken Pox Virus: Knowledge and Manners of Control1

Chicken Pox Virus and the Essential Logistics
Tamika Murray
Grand Canyon University

The Chicken Pox Virus: Knowledge and Manners of Control2 Chickenpox is a communicable disease which mainly affects children, but the virus can also affect adults in more rare cases in today’s society. That is, the varicella-zoster virus which brings on chicken pox usually comes to children under the age of 12, and the virus is usually spread through contact at school or in extracurricular activities where there is close contact among children. The virus moves quickly into the body of children and also transmits very quickly to other children as a virus should. In that the point of a virus is to find the next host and continue to live, chicken pox follows the course by attacking children with flu like symptoms and splotches all over the body. Because the virus moves so quickly from child to child, exposed children are expected to stay at home to decrease the spread of the virus as much as possible. Chicken pox is a virus which is characterized by an itchy rash of spots that look like blisters and the child will exhibit flu like symptoms. The virus in children, “often starts with a fever, headache, sore throat, or stomachache. These symptoms may last for a few days, with fever in the 101°-102°F (38.3°-38.8°C) range.” (Lamprecht, 2010, p.1) That is, the fever quickly moves on to itchy spots as the virus moves along inside the body. The mode of transmission is close contact with other children, and the virus is not considered to be anything more than an incidence. In fact, children which are provided an immunization shit will be less prone to have the virus infect their body, and they are also a barrier for continued transmission since they cannot catch the virus. The World Health Organization defines the determinants of health as the following: the social and economic environment,

the physical environment, and
The Chicken Pox Virus: Knowledge and Manners of Control3 The person’s individual characteristics and behaviors. (WHO, 2009, p.1) Therefore, according to the determinants of health, chicken pox can be slowed and even stopped if the right environment exists. That is, if there are enough children in a specific environment who have been vaccinated then there is a barrier to slow the progress of the virus, and there will be less children infected. So a higher social or economic class would often be the right environment for most of these children typically have been vaccinated opposed to a poorer social class or economic environment where many children have parents that cannot afford the vaccination or are unaware of getting the vaccination against chicken pox for their children. Cultures and economic barriers therefore exist which can allow for the virus to spread quicker and easier if there are less children who have been vaccinated. If a culture is unaware of the vaccination or if there are issues with being able to afford the shot, then the children of these parents will be more open to contracting chicken pox. Thus, the determinants of health favor those in wealthier social and economic brackets while those families who have less resources or who are from a different culture may not have the ability or the knowledge to have their children vaccinated. The epidemiologic triad as it pertains to the chicken pox virus can be said to be, that which combines the efforts of the host, the environment, and the agent. That is, “The triad consists of an external agent, a susceptible host, and an environment that brings the host and agent together.” (CDC, 2008, p.1) Therefore for the virus to continue to thrive and spread, the factors which are associated with the agent, the host, and the environment are important and essential for the continuation of the virus or the eradication. For example, if the agent (infected child) goes to school...

References: Chickenpox Resource Guide. (n.d.). & Organizations. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://www.thirdage.com/hc/c/chickenpox-resource-guide
Lamprecht, C. (2012, September 1). Chickenpox. KidsHealth - the Web 's most visited site about children 's health. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/ski
Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice, 3rd Edition. (2012, May 18).Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 24, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/osels/scientific_edu/ss
The determinants of health. (n.d.). WHO. Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/
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