Explain how, having lost the popular vote in 2000, Bush nevertheless became president. Even though President Bush lost the popular vote in 2000, he was still able to win the election because he still had the majority. There are 538 total votes in the Electoral College and a presidential candidate must win a majority of the electoral votes to be elected, exactly 270. In 2000 there were a total of 538 electoral votes available with 270 needed to win the election between George Bush and Al Gore. Bush won 271 electoral votes by winning over more states that count for more electoral votes. Al Gore, won only 266 electoral votes and even though he won the popular vote, the states he won in did not count for enough electoral votes, therefore Bush won the election. “The Electoral College is a block, or weighed, voting system that is designed to give more power to the states with more votes, but allows for small states to swing an election.” (“Losing the Popular Vote”) The Electoral College put into place to attempt to ensure that votes were fair amongst the states. If people feel the need to change how it works, an amendment to the constitution must be drafted and approved by Congress and at least two thirds of the states. In other words, it does not matter who wins the popular vote, it’s who wins more electoral votes. A remedy to this issue would be if the states would agree that whoever wins the popular vote, automatically receives the full electoral votes for the state. References Cited
Campbell, James. "The Curious and Close Presidential Campaign of 2000." Buffalo.edu. Web. 22 Nov. 2014. <http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~jcampbel/documents/CampbellCrottyChapter4.pdf>. "Losing the Popular Vote and Winning - How Does the Electoral College Work?" HowStuffWorks. Web. 22 Nov. 2014. <http://people.howstuffworks.com/question4721.htm>.