Week 6 Paper

Topics: Health care, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Employment Pages: 4 (650 words) Published: May 30, 2014

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
Caitlin Morissette
Introduction to Health Care
April 8th, 2014
Dennis Matricardi

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 protects the right to privacy to all individuals medical records and health data. Title I of HIPAA (1996) protects health insurance coverage for workers and families when they change or lose their jobs, and Title II establishes national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers. This set of laws helps to prevent health care fraud and abuse and simplifies the administrative tasks of health care, such as transfer of patient records from one provider or insurance plan to another.

HIPAA was enacted by the United States Congress on August 21, 1996 and signed by President Bill Clinton. Every health care employee needs to know the basic sets of rules contained within this very important piece of legislation, because violating these rules can negatively affect his or her continued employment as well as the security and dignity of the patients. The first and most important set of rules to know are those pertaining to the use and disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI). PHI includes any information concerning health status, provision of health care, or payment for health care that can be linked to an individual. Any part of a patient’s medical record or payment history falls under the protection of the Privacy Rule and requires a patient-signed disclosure form in order to release any form of PHI to a provider, health insurance plan, or employer. As of January 2013, HIPAA was updated to include the Omnibus Rule; this rule changed the protection of PHI from “indefinite” to “50 years after death” and made penalties for violation of PHI privacy...

References: Austin, A., & Wetle, V. (2012). The U.S. health care system: Combining business, health, and delivery. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Robbins, S., Decenzo, D., & Coulter, M. (2011) Fundamentals of management: Essential concepts and applications (7th ed.) Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.
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