week 5

Topics: Crime, Violence, Violent crime Pages: 6 (1130 words) Published: September 7, 2014
Week 5 Discussion 1
Select one of the following Activities from Chapter 10 of Crime Prevention for your initial post. Activity: Crime Prevention. Medical Focus – Brain Dysfunction Activity: Crime Prevention. Crime Prevention – Social Capital & Human Capital Critical Thinking: Create a Crime Prevention Program (Reduce Poverty). Critical Thinking: Re-entry Programs

Is crime caused by brain malfunction? Most efforts to fight crime focuses on sociological approaches like counseling, and rehabilitation. It also includes better parenting and education to prevent at risk children from becoming delinquents and criminals. These are good approaches but fail to acknowledge one thing. Most criminals suffer from brain dysfunction. Research has shown this dysfunction is the leading cause of dyslogic, which is lack of insight and foresight. They also show a lack of empathy, low anger threshold, poor social skills, and lack of remorse. They show no fear and do not realize consequences to their actions (CT, 2008). Some of this can be attributed to their genes. Geneticists claim that human behavior is the result of gene-environment interaction, meaning that behavior results from both genetic and environmental influences, so to change certain behaviors, you should start with changing the environment (Robinson, 2013). The brain also controls behavior. Some defense lawyers try to use it to defend their client. Can morality be pinpointed to the brain? It seems that the frontal lobe plays a huge role in the decision making process and a key to the moral action. This is evident that morality is localized in the brain, in the Phineas Gage case of 1848. He was a railroad foreman who was very passive, and quiet, never had an issue. There was a blasting accident, an explosion drove a tamping iron through his brain. It severed the connections between the left frontal lobe and the lower lying structures that regulate aggression and other emotions. After the accident, friends of Gage stated he was no longer himself. It had changed his personality. “He is fitful, irreverent, indulging at times in the grossest profanity (which was not previously his custom), manifesting, but little deference for his fellows, impatient of restraint or advice when it conflicts with his desires.... A child in his intellectual capacity and manifestations” (BMJ, 1998). Anyone who suffers from a degenerative brain condition are subject to uncontrollable violent actions. However, most violent crimes are done under the influence of a stimulus. Drugs and alcohol impairs a person’s ability to censor out antisocial acts. Excluding drugs and alcohol, habitual criminals are antisocial due to genetics. When you speak of morality, it is attributed to the brain. It is learned, yet at the same time can be damaged (Gazzaniga, 2005).

References:
Crime Times (2008). Linking brain dysfunction to disordered criminal psychopathic behavior. Crime Times. Retrieved 09 August 2013 from http://www.crimetimes.org/.
Robinson, M. (2013). Crime Prevention. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc British Medical Journal (1998) “No Longer Gage”: an iron bar through the head. Early Observations Of Personality Change After injury to the prefrontal cortex. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Bethesda MD Retrieved on 10 August 2013 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1114479/ Gazzaniga, M. (2005). The ethical brain. New York: Dana Press. Retrieved on 10-August-2013 from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-human-beast/200912/crime-brain-disorder

Discussion 2
According to Robinson, when we compare America to countries around the world, America does not have a high rate of crime, but has one of the highest rates of lethal violence (2012). Discuss three factors that are contributing to lethal violence. Culture: Different immigrant populations have migrated to the United States from various world...


References: COTTROL, R (1998) SUBMISSION IS NOT THE ANSWER. University of Colorado Law Review Fall 1998 [Page 1029]
Retrieved 11 August 2013 from http://www.saf.org/lawreviews/cottrol1.html.
Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights (2003) Assessing Lethal and Extremely Dangerous Behavior. Stop Violence Against Women. Retrieved on 11-August-2013 from http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/svaw/domestic/training/materials/LethalityModule.PDF
International Association of Chiefs of Police (2007) Taking a Stand: Reducing Gun Violence in Our Communities. A report from the International Association of chiefs of police 2007
Great lakes summit on Gun Violence. Retrieved on 12-August-2013 from http://www.theiacp.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=%2fs0LiOkJK5Q%3d&tabid=302
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