week 3 writing assignment brown and federalism



American Government
Unit 3 writing assignment Brown and Federalism
4/10/15
ITT Tech Kennesaw
Brennan Vaughn

Brown v. Board of Education is the highlighting of the U.S. Supreme Court’s role in affecting changes in national and social policy. All cases challenged the constitutionality of racial segregation in public schools which later ended. The ordinary people who helped take place in this case never knew they would forever change history. These people were teachers, ministers, and common business people who just wanted equal treatment for students. Judicial review is a procedure by which a court can review an administrative action by a public body and secure a declaration, order, or award. The Brown v. Board of Education is a major example of the court using its power to declare the acts of a state government unconstitutional. In this case it was decided by the Supreme Court that racial segregation in public schools was a violation of the constitution. Any public schools involved in the case violated the Fourteenth Amendment rights. Those rights included that minority children were to be treated equally under the law. Separate but equal was a legal doctrine in the United States constitutional law. A law that permitted racial segregation, but did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which guaranteed equal protection under the law to all citizens. An example is when the 1896 case of Plessy v Ferguson made it a state law that Louisiana railroad cars had to have separate transportation for white and blacks. However this still did not breach the Fourteenth Amendment. The Plessy v Ferguson plaintiffs added a new argument that Louisiana’s law imposed an unconstitutional infringement on both the privileges and immunities and the equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The final Brown decision stated that this such segregation (schools, transportation, public places) affected the constitutional...
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